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Establishment Time:2002

CN 11-4740/C

ISSN 1671-6116

Supervisor: Beijing Forestry University

Sponsors by: Ministry of Education of the Republic of China

Articles in press have been peer-reviewed and accepted, which are not yet assigned to volumes /issues, but are citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
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Exploring the Research Mode of Landscape Architecture Specialty in Colleges to Help Rural Revitalization: A Study of Rural Landscape in Ju River Basin, Huangling County, Shaanxi Province
Zhang Kaili, Li Qianyu, Wei Wei, Zhang Xiaoying, Zhou Huidi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022056
[Abstract](82) [FullText HTML](32) [PDF 1094KB](3)
As an ancient civilization with 5000 years of history, China's rural landscape is very diverse and rich, and is an important part of the national landscape; however, in the process of rapid urbanization and rural construction, the problem of "a thousand villages with same image" is very prominent, making the rural landscape increasingly homogeneous, and thus resulting in the unconspicuous effect of rural construction. Taking the study of village landscape in the Ju River Basin of Huangling County, Shaanxi Province as an example, we propose that in the field of landscape gardening theory research, a systematic and holistic "embroidery" study of rural landscape must be conducted, and then we discuss the ways to conduct systematic study of village landscape. First, it is necessary to establish a system of traditional Chinese mountain-water-field-village system under the view of national landscape as a system of village landscape. Second, we should analyze the research advantages of landscape architecture discipline in the field of rural revitalization and clarify the research direction. Third, we should build a communication platform for multi-disciplinary and multi-departmental communication. Finally, we should improve the multidisciplinary and multidepartment research method and establish the research model of "on-site research + basic data collection + comprehensive analysis and research + practical model exploration", so as to analyze the inner correlation and future development of rural landscape from the perspective of landscape architecture in the research field and jointly help rural revitalization.
The Relationship Between Human and Nature from the Perspective of Marx's Labor Theory and Its Practical Enlightenment
Zhang Ting, YANG Zhi-hua
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022197
[Abstract](84) [FullText HTML](14) [PDF 485KB](2)
Human practice, especially production and labor practice, is the intermediary connection of the relationship between man and nature. Based on Marx's theory of labor, this paper takes the historical evolution of the relationship between man and nature as the research starting point, and explores the effective path to realize the harmonious coexistence between man and nature. Marx's treatise on the relationship between man and nature explains that the relationship between man and nature has undergone three historical evolution stages: deterrence, conquest and symbiosis. The evolution of this relationship is directly related to the intermediary role of labor. It is the transformation of labor form from natural force labor to instrumental labor and then to green labor that drives the historic evolution of the relationship between man and nature. Realistically, the mode of production under the capitalist system is difficult to practice green labor, which destroys the harmonious coexistence between man and nature. Only by reforming the capitalist mode of production and eliminating alienated labor can we effectively promote green labor and realize harmonious coexistence between man and nature. Socialism with Chinese characteristics contributes Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions to the modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature.
Research Hotspots and Trends of Forest Certification at Home and Abroad Based on Literature Analysis
Ma Shuang, Tian Minghua, Hou Fangmiao, Wu Hongmei, Miao Dongling
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022121
[Abstract](8) [FullText HTML](1) [PDF 864KB](0)
The main goal of forest certification is to promote sustainable forest management. Based on 708 English papers in Web of Science published from 1993 to 2022 and 339 Chinese ones in CNKI database from 1996 to 2022, we explored research hotspots and trends of forest certification at home and abroad using CiteSpace for data mining. The results show that: ① The number of foreign scholars engaged in forest certification are increasing while domestic scholars' enthusiasm is decreasing. ② Hot topics in forest certification are impact assessment and dynamic mechanism. Foreign research is more comprehensive, and domestic research focuses on its impact on economy, especially on trade. ③ Foreign research can be divided into three stages, which systematically explains why and how to carry out forest certification. Domestic research can be divided into four stages, which is still at a fragmented and non-systematic status at present. Finally, we suggest that scholars conduct in-depth research in consumption behavior, pay more attention to ecosystem services certification and evaluate comprehensive benefits.
The Impact of OFDI on China's Carbon Emissions: An Analysis Based on Multiple Mediation Effect Models
MIAO Dong-ling, YANG Na, LI Qiao, Cheng Bao-dong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022118
[Abstract](17) [FullText HTML](8) [PDF 821KB](1)
China's carbon emissions have significant industrial and spatial concentration. Outward Foreign direct investment (OFDI) will change factor allocation and affect the layout of high emission industries and regions. Does the continuous expansion of OFDI promote China's carbon emission reduction? In this paper, the three main ways of OFDI affecting the carbon emission of the home country are first analyzed, namely, the economic scale, industrial structure and technical level, and the hypotheses to be tested are proposed. Secondly, selecting China's interprovincial panel data in 2005-2019, through multiple mediation effect models, empirically testing the three effects and comprehensive effects of OFDI on China's carbon emission. It is found that OFDI exacerbates the carbon emission of the home country to varying degrees through the economic scale and technical level intermediary mechanism, and the carbon emission of the home country is suppressed through the industrial structure intermediary mechanism; the economic scale and technical level effect are greater than the industrial structure effect, so China's OFDI ultimately aggravates the carbon emission of the home country. Finally, relevant policy recommendations are made based on conclusions.
Analysis of the Changes in the Management System of the Key State-owned Forest Regions from the Perspective of Historical Institutionalism −Taking YichunKey State-owned forest Region for Example
Ji Yuan, Ke Shuifa, Qiao Dan
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022158
[Abstract](33) [FullText HTML](4) [PDF 824KB](1)
Taking the state-owned forest region in Yichun as an example, this paper sorts out the historical process of "division-combination-division" of the management system changes and pointsout two critical junctures using the analytical method of historical institutionalism to explore the logic behindinstitution changes.The mechanism behind this institutional reciprocating was multi-level and multi-agent. Its essence wasto readjust the institutional framework that no longer meets the requirements of productivity development under the new era.Institutional change originated form the transformation of macro social structure and economic structure, and there were different paths and characteristics behind the two management system transformations in Yichun: in the first critical juncture, path dependence effect was weak, whilepressure fromthe grass-rootsactors’reform willingnesswas strong, which led to the emergence of induced institutional changes; in the second critical juncture, path dependence was so strong that it had to rely on the strong intervention of state actors, which led to the development of mandatory institutional change. Finally, based on the historical, structural, and dynamic viewofinstitution changes, this article suggests that we should correctly understandtheessence, dynamically understand the process, and fully form the thinking of actorsso as to deepen the reform, help rejuvenate Northeast China and eventually achieve the goal ofcommon prosperity.
Driving Force or Justification: Anthropocentrism and Ecological Crisis
Wang Ruixiong, YAN Geng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022238
[Abstract](37) [FullText HTML](10) [PDF 492KB](5)
Ecocentrism philosophers regard anthropocentrism as the root of ecological crisis, and interpret anthropocentrism as plundering nature based on human greed. However, a study of the history of modern western thought shows that anthropocentrism is based on human welfare, rather than human greed. Therefore, in the process of ecological crisis, anthropocentrism emerged not as an internal driving force, but as a modern ideology and a role in legitimizing capitalist social production. Taking anthropocentrism as the driving force of the ecological crisis obscures the driving role of the capitalist system. The development of anthropocentrism into ecological humanism is conducive to avoiding the understanding of anthropocentrism as desire centrism and conducting anti ecological application.
A Visualization Analysis of Forest Carbon Sequestration Based on CiteSpace
Qiao Dan, Yuan Wantong, Ke Shuifa, Li Hongxun
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022131
[Abstract](62) [FullText HTML](18) [PDF 1616KB](7)
Forest carbon sinks play an important role in addressing climate change and are an inevitable choice for achieving carbon neutrality under the "double carbon". To explore the development history, research hotspots and future research trends of forest carbon sinks, this paper selects 12,216 and 456 papers related to the topic of forest carbon sinks based on Web of Science database and ChinaNational Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, respectively, for analysis. The CiteSpace software was used to identify the countries, institutions, authors, and journals with the most output of forest carbon sink research. Visualization methods were used to identify high-frequency keywords, hotspots and research frontiers in the field of forest carbon sequestration. The results showed that the United States is currently the country with the most research on forest carbon sinks, but China's publication rate has increased rapidly in recent years, and the international influence has also increased; the research field of forest carbon sinks is mostly from the perspective of environmental science and ecology, but less in the economic discipline; the research trend in the field of forest carbon sinks in China has mainly gone through four stages: beginning, development, decline, and explosion. Climate change, influenced by the "double carbon" strategy, started to explode in 2020 and became a new research field of forest carbon sink.In the future, Chinese can further focus on the interdisciplinary integration of forest carbon sinks, deeply explore the potential and spatial effects of forest carbon sinks, establish a sound forest carbon sink trading market, and promote the realization of the "double carbon" goal.
The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on China's Carbon Emission Pollution from the Perspective of Environmental regulation
Li Yueming, Li Xinfei, Li Yuanyuan, Cheng Baodong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022047
[Abstract](70) [FullText HTML](8) [PDF 589KB](6)
Since the 21st century, the inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI) in China has increased year by year. In 2020, China surpassed the United States for the first time to become the largest foreign capital inflow country. The inflow of FDI is accompanied by the transfer of pollution, technology and structure, and has had a complex impact on China's carbon emissions. So, does FDI inflow increase China's environmental load of carbon emissions? Will tightening environmental regulations change this effect? To answer the above questions, this paper uses environmental regulation as a moderator variable, and uses the spatial Durbin model to analyze the impact of FDI on China's carbon emissions based on provincial panel data from 1998 to 2017. The study found that: FDI inflows within a certain scale show a "pollution halo" effect in China as a whole, that is, carbon emissions are reduced, and when the inflection point is reached, it will show the opposite effect of increasing emissions. FDI inflows have spillover effects on carbon emissions in adjacent areas, greater than the direct effect on carbon emissions in the local region, shown as "inverted U-shaped" and "U-shaped" respectively. The adjustment effect of environmental regulation is mainly reflected in the counter-acting force, which buffers the sharp increase or decrease of carbon emissions.
Factors Influencing Government-oriented Forest Insurance Demands of New Forestry Management Entities
Xiao Jianxiu, Liu Can, Xiao Hui, Hou Fangmiao, Liu Hao
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022184
[Abstract](45) [FullText HTML](9) [PDF 735KB](0)
This paper uses panel data from a sample of 485 new-type forestry management entities in 15 counties and cities in nine provinces of China from 2015-2018 field research to empirically analyze the factors affecting subjects' demand for government-oriented forest insurance. The results of the study show that: each increase of 1 unit in the affected area and damage caused an increase of 1.728 unit and 1.704 unit, respectively, in the demand for government-oriented forest insurance by new forestry management entities; each increase of 1 unit in production costs and income caused an increase of 0.213 unit and 0.052 unit, respectively, in the demand for government-oriented forest insurance by new forestry management entities; each increase of 1 unit in infrastructure investment and financial cost investment caused a decrease of 0.303 unit and 0.05 unit, respectively, in the demand for government-oriented forest insurance by new forestry management entities. In addition, the moderating effect of operation scale on the demand for government-oriented forest insurance was further tested. In response to the research results, this paper proposes policy recommendations in terms of further promoting the scale of forestry production, promoting the diversification of insurance products, and increasing government support for forest insurance.
A Study on the Nostalgic Image of Reflective Sites of Memory from the Tourist Gaze Perspective:A Case Study of Old Goods Warehouses in Beijing
Zhang Xianyue, Wang Wenhui, Zhang Yin
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022068
[Abstract](254) [FullText HTML](16) [PDF 747KB](3)
Drawing inspirations from the perspective of tourists' gaze and taking the old goods warehouses in Beijing as an example, this paper examines the nostalgic image of these old goods warehouses by using VEP, picture content analysis, and in-depth interview method, and explores the key elements and the spatial production characteristics of nostalgia in the reflective sites of memory. The research shows that the types of nostalgic image elements of the old goods warehouses include scene nostalgic elements, instrumental nostalgic elements and symbolic nostalgic elements; the reflective sites of memory realize the reproduction of local memory through the design of space and the shaping of subject's specific experience. The paper then puts forward some suggestions on building a reflective site of memory and strengthening nostalgic gaze, in order to provide reference for the construction of a nostalgic place.
Establishment of Evaluation Index System for Forest Therapy Resources Development and Utilization
Lai Xiaohua, Nie Hua
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021351
[Abstract](46) [FullText HTML](23) [PDF 995KB](3)
Forest therapy resources are the foundation and the most important support for the forest therapy. Since 2016,the evaluation of forest therapy resources development and utilization has become the research hotspot and focus in forestry, tourism, health and other fields. This paper discusses the meaning of forest therapy resources development and utilization, and establishes the evaluation index system based on the factors influencing forest therapy resources development and utilization, in order to solve the problem of resources utilization judgment. We used the methods of AHP + Delphi to ascertain the index weight, selected resources endowment, market conduction, development and construction conditions as criterion layers, including eight element layers which are therapy value, resource characteristics, environmental quality, market competition, actual construction conditions, developer behavior, government behavior and socio-economic conditions, and then defined 22 index layers. Finally the evaluation index system for forest therapy resources development and utilization was established, and a clear and specific explanation of each indicator was also given. Taking Gupo Mountain Forest Park, Hezhou, Guangxi as the case, it is found that the evaluation results reflect the actual situation of the development and utilization of forest therapy resources, and specific indicators also well express the current state of forest therapy development. We draw the conclusion that this evaluation index system is reasonable and feasible to certain extent.
The Impact of Financial Development on Carbon Emissions in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region: A Spatial Durbin Model Based on STIRPAT
Han Ziye, Zhang Ying, Gu Xuesong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022279
[Abstract](52) [FullText HTML](14) [PDF 670KB](0)
Based on the panel data of Beijing, Tianjin and 11 cities in Hebei from 2005 to 2019, thispaper measures the per capita carbon dioxide emissions of each cityand establishesan extended STIRPAT model including financial scale and financial efficiency. On this basis, the paper establishesmediation effect model and spatial Durbin model to explore the mechanismandspatialeffectof financial development on per capita carbon dioxide emissions. The results show as follows. ① The expansion of financial scale increases the housing prices, pushes up the production cost of enterprises, affects the layout migration of traditional manufacturing, and thus curbs carbon emissions. ② The improvement of financial efficiency provides financing convenience for the expansion of industrial enterprises, and the resulting scale effectpromotescarbonemissions. ③ The role of financial development in supporting technological innovation is notsignificant. ④ There existsnegative feedback effect between the carbon emissions of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei cities, which is not conducive to the coordinated development of urban agglomeration’s environmental governance. ⑤ Compared with the local effect, the influence of financial scale and financial efficiency on carbon emissions of neighboring cities is weaker. Based on the above findings, policy suggestions areproposedon speeding up the improvement of green finance system, promoting credit support for green innovation, and resolutely eliminating excess productioncapacity.
Evaluation and Promotion of Cultural Service Function of Green Space Ecosystems in Mega Cities: A Case Study of Shanghai
Wang Yanbin, Qian Xin, Cai Mengmeng, Zhao Zheng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022014
[Abstract](56) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 1507KB](4)
In the process of high-quality development of mega cities in the new era, cultural service of green space ecosystems is an important content to realize people-centered urban development, and is also one of the concrete manifestations of the coordinated development of human and urban ecological environment. At present, existing researches are largely from a single point of view, lacking quantitative evaluation of functional value from the perspective of citizens, and it is difficult to objectively analyze the current situation and demand of cultural service function of green space ecosystems in mega cities. Taking Shanghai as an example, this study constructs the evaluation index system of cultural service function value of urban green space ecosystems from the perspective of ecosystem cultural service function, which covers human settlements, cultural heritage, education and aesthetics, and comprehensively evaluates the value level of various functions by using the entropy weight method and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, and further analyzes and discusses the differences of functional value by using importance-performance analysis and one-way ANOVA. It also puts forward specific policy suggestions on improving the cultural service function of green ecosystems of megalopolis.
Effects of "Streamlining Administration, Delegating Powers, Improving Regulation and Services" on Wood Processing Enterprises' Export Products Quality
CHEN Jianling, LIN Weiming, DAI Yongwu
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021293
[Abstract](43) [FullText HTML](6) [PDF 726KB](0)
The literature that examines the effects of reform of "Streamlining Administration, Delegating Powers, Improving Regulation and Services" (RSDIS) on enterprises' export products quality is rare, which is not conducive to understanding the contribution of the RSDIS on the upgrading of China's export trade mode. Based on evaluation data about the RSDIS provided by the "National Private Enterprise Survey Data", as well as the cross-section data of 23 provinces, 103 prefecture level cities and 2141 wood-processing enterprises (WPEs) in 2014, this paper investigates the RSDIS's impacts on the export products quality of sample enterprises by using Tobit model. The results show that: ① the regional RSDIS has a significant role in promoting the quality upgrade of export products. ② The positive effects of regional RSDIS is attributed mainly to "streamlining administration and delegating powers" and "improving services". ③ The regional RSDIS will promote the upgrading of the quality of WPEs' export products by decreasing operating costs and reducing rent-seeking activities. ④ The regional RSDIS positively regulates the role of factors such as technological innovation, cost savings, and reduced financing difficulty in promoting the upgrading of the quality of export products of enterprises.
Construction and Measurement Analysis of Evaluation Index System for Agricultural Green Development
LIU Yingxiao, LIN Zhen
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022061
[Abstract](68) [FullText HTML](79) [PDF 880KB](9)
Green development of agriculture is a fundamental requirement for transforming the agricultural development mode and promoting high-quality agricultural development. It is important to strengthen the research on green development of agriculture and construct an evaluation index system to achieve substantial progress in green development of agriculture. This paper applies the grounded theory to code the national-level policy texts on the interpretation of agricultural green development during 2015−2021, and outlines the realistic problems, practical means, and development goals to be addressed by agricultural green development in order to define the connotation of agricultural green development. It further refines a universally applicable index system for evaluation agricultural green development and measurement analysis of China's agricultural green development index from 2016 to 2020. The study found that the average level of green agricultural development in China from 2016 to 2020 is not high, and the rapid development during 2018‒2020 has reached a good level. In the future, industrial integration development, agricultural technology research and development, cultivated land resources and biodiversity protection are important concerns of green agricultural development.
Text Quantitative Analysis of the Employment Promotion Policies of Rural Labor Force in Key Ecological Function Areas from the Perspective of Policy Instruments
Wang Wen, Zhang Feifei, Li Hongxun
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022160
[Abstract](91) [FullText HTML](26) [PDF 1286KB](9)
How to promote the employment of local rural labor force while realizing the ecological protection and green development in key ecological function zones is one of the core issues of China's public policies in recent years. Based on the perspective of policy instruments, this paper analyzed 89 policy texts from 2000 to 2022 involving rural labor force employment promotion in key ecological function areas. It is found that the relevant employment promotion policies are scattered in poverty alleviation policies, ecological compensation policies and ecological migration policies. There is still a lack of targeted policies to address the special difficulties of employment in key ecological function zones. Meanwhile, the structure of existing policy instruments is found to be unbalanced, and the supply-oriented and environmental policies aiming at improving the employability of rural labor force and improving the labor market environment are relatively insufficient. During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, it is necessary to strengthen the targeted policies for the special challenges faced by the employment of rural labor force in key ecological function areas, and focus the policy instruments on supply-oriented policies and environmental policies, so as to promote more adequate and higher quality employment in the targeted areas.
Spatio-Temporal Distribution Characteristics and Its Influencing Factors of "One Village One Product" Demonstration Villages and Towns in China
Zhang Huilin, Lai Qifu, Li Chunshuo, Li Hufeng, Huang Jielong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022148
[Abstract](158) [FullText HTML](26) [PDF 3514KB](4)
"OneVillage One product" is an important development model for rural industrial revitalization. The first to eleventh batches of 3780 national "One Village One Product" demonstration villages and towns are used as the research objects, and their spatial and temporal evolution characteristics and influencing factors are analyzed by using kernel density analysis, average nearest neighbor algorithm, standard deviation ellipse, quantile regression, and other methods. The results show that the spatial distribution of "One Village One Product" model villages and towns is uneven, mostly concentrated in the relatively developed economic regions such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei-Southwestern Shandong contiguous area, Sichuan Basin, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta, reflecting the large difference in the level of rural industrial revitalization in different regions. The industrial structures of model villages and towns are different, relying mainly on primary products and primary industries, and the proportion of secondary and tertiary industries such as leisure agriculture and rural services is too small. Natural and human conditions and socio-economic factors together influence the formation and distribution of model villages and towns, among which socio-economic indicators such as local fiscal expenditure, road network density, regional per capita GDP, the gross output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, and per capita disposable income have positive relationships with the number of model villages and towns. Accordingly, improving measures are proposed such as increasing financial transfer payments, attaching importance to the synergistic development of urban and rural industries, and promoting the creation of high-end agricultural brands.
The Impact of the Expiration of Subsidies for the Sloping Land Conversion Program on Farmer Households' Income and Its Mechanism: Based on the Perspective of Non-farm Employment
Qiu Shanshan, Chen Chen, Shi Yanlu, Wang Liqun
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022154
[Abstract](194) [FullText HTML](33) [PDF 666KB](1)
Exploring the impact of the expiration of the first round subsidies for the Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) on farmer households' income will help to provide empirical evidence for improving the long-term mechanism for consolidating the SLCP, increasing farmer households’ income and achieving the overall goal of rural revitalization. Based on the survey data of 897 farmer households in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Gansu and Hunan provinces, this paper uses a multi-period DID to investigate the impact of the expiration of the subsidies for the SLCP on farmer households' income, and tests its specific impact mechanism from the perspective of non-farm employment. The results show that the expiration of the subsidies for the SLCP prompts farmer households to participate in non-farm employment and increase their income, so that their total income level does not fall but rises. This effect has initially appeared in the year when the subsidies for the SLCP expire, and shows a trend from strong to weak over time. Heterogeneity analysis found that the expiration of the subsidies for the SLCP has a relatively weak effect on the income level of farmer households with small scale of SLCP, while it has a significantly negative impact on the income level of elderly farmer households. Based on test results above, this paper puts forward policy recommendations from the aspects of enhancing farmer households' ability to transfer employment, formulating differentiated assistance measures and timely issuing follow-up policies for the SLCP.
Impact of COVID-19 on the Operating Performance of China's Forest-Related Listed Companies and Related Countermeasures
Fan Zhuoni, Liu Changyan, You Weijia
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022108
[Abstract](247) [FullText HTML](28) [PDF 1181KB](11)
Based on the financial reports data of China's forest-related listed companies from 2018 to 2021, the impact of COVID-19 on the operating performance of such companies is analyzed by using regression discontinuity method and LDA topic model. The results of regression discontinuity analysis show that the outbreak of COVID-19 has directly led to a significant decline in the operating performance of these companies in the first quarter of 2020. The results of thematic clustering reveal that the main reasons for the decline in business performance include the shortage and rising prices of raw materials such as wood pulp and wood, and the obstruction of domestic and international logistics and transportation. The delay of resumption of production and work causes difficulties in the operation of some enterprises and heavy cost burden. The market demand for forest products is restrained in the short term, and the customer orders are insufficient due to the reduction of consumers' purchase desire. With the gradual consolidation of the effectiveness of domestic epidemic prevention and control, the business performance of forest related enterprises has gradually warmed up. Through thematic clustering of the corpus of "main factors influencing business performance changes", it is found that the main reasons for the warming of business performance are: after the resumption of work and production, the supply chain has gradually returned to normal operation; capacity allocation is optimized to improve production efficiency; expand the marketing mode is expanded and the digital process is accelerated. Based on the specific difficulties faced by China's forest-related listed companies and combined with the effective measures taken by some enterprises, this paper puts forward some management suggestions.
Forestry History
The Course and Experience Enlightenment of Forestry Development Led by the Communist Party of China Since the Centenary of Its Founding
Liu Huan, Sun Xinli, Gong Qianwen
2023, 22(1): 1-11.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022084
[Abstract](218) [FullText HTML](50) [PDF 624KB](52)
The century-old choice of forestry development led by the Communist Party of China (CPC) runs through the century-old practice of forestry development in China, and internally reflects the change of the CPC and the country's understanding of the nature of forestry.According to the CPC and the country's choice of the forestry value function, forestry construction attitude, forestry development ideas, the centennial history of forestry development led by the CPC can be divided into the following stages: the difficult exploration stage of forestry in the revolutionary base areas (1927-1949), the initial development stage of forestry driven by the economy (1950-1977), the sustainable development stage of forestry taking into account ecology (1978-1997), the comprehensive promotion stage of forestry driven by ecology (1998-2011), and the green development stage of forestry guided by people's livelihood (since 2012).In the past hundred years since the founding of the CPC, the CPC and the country have constantly improved various policies and measures to support the development of forestry, focused on solving the prominent problems encountered in the course of forestry development, created and accumulated rich experience, which is of great enlightenment significance for further promoting the green development of forestry in the new era.
A Century-old Investigation of the Communist Party of China Leading Farmers to Participate in Rural Construction from the Perspective of Agricultural and Rural Modernization
ZHAO Hua, GONG Qianwen
2023, 22(1): 12-17.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022052
[Abstract](131) [FullText HTML](36) [PDF 519KB](19)
Agricultural and rural modernization is the focus and difficulty of Chinese-style modernization, and it is also the general goal of implementing the rural revitalization strategy. The Communist Party of China leads farmers to participate extensively and deeply in rural construction, which will help promote the process of agricultural and rural modernization. Sorting out the process of leading farmers to participate in rural construction and summarizing the basic experience will provide a useful reference for effectively playing the main role of farmers in the agricultural and rural modernization. The evolution process of the Communist Party of China leading farmers to participate in rural construction can be based on the founding of the People's Republic of China, the convening of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, the national abolition of agricultural tax in 2006, and the implementation of the "rural revitalization strategy" proposed by the Nineteenth National Congress as key nodes.It can be divided into five stages: mobilizing farmers to participate voluntarily, organizing farmers to participate in labor, levying one tax and two fees for full participation, implementing "one case one discussion", participating in fund-raising and labor raising, and exploring farmers' participation.During the 100-year history of the Communist Party of China leading farmers to participate in rural construction, we have formed the basic experience of always abiding by the leadership of the Communist Party of China, attaching importance to the main role of farmers, making overall plans to reduce farmers' burdens and increasing investment in rural construction, paying attention to farmers' wishes, and placing "three rural" (namely, agriculture, rural areas and rural residents) development in rural construction. In guiding farmers to actively participate in rural construction in the future, it is necessary to strengthen the leadership of the party, consolidate the leading position of rural grass-roots party organizations, reasonably guide farmers to participate, and gradually consolidate the main role of farmers in rural construction, closely follow the development theme of the times, and strengthening the target management of farmer's participation in rural construction.
A Modern Interpretation of the Aesthetic Ideal of "Picturesque" Gardens in the Annals of Superfluous Things
Xin Beini
2023, 22(1): 18-24.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022063
[Abstract](198) [FullText HTML](29) [PDF 621KB](18)
WenZhenheng, a writer of the Ming Dynasty, mentioned in his book Annals of Superfluous Things , the definition of elegance and orthodoxy as a design guide for garden aesthetic, which has a prominent position in the history of Chinese garden aesthetic and still has a strong reference value. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of systematic summary of existing research. This paper takes this book as the blueprint, integrates the real situation, painting situation and artistic conception into the garden creation from the aesthetic point of view, and analyzes and summarizes the expression of the garden aesthetic ideal of "learning from painting" in the Annals of Superfluous Things in the modern garden design. In this way, it is advocated that modern landscape design should not only inherit the traditional taste and feelings and keep away from vulgarity, but also learn from the paintings and calligraphy works, and emphasize the creation of artistic conception to meet the growing spiritual needs of people, so that modern landscape planning and design can reflect the people-oriented spirit.
Research on Establishing National Parks
Charging Principle and Mode Selection of National Park Tickets in China
Dou Yaquan, Li Ya, He Youjun
2023, 22(1): 25-31.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021356
[Abstract](140) [FullText HTML](21) [PDF 733KB](13)
The construction of national parks should adhere to the public welfare of the whole people, provide people with opportunities to get close to nature, experience nature and feel nature, and fully reflect the concept of joint construction and sharing by the whole people. This paper introduces the basic situation of the first batch of national parks in China, analyzes the rationality and necessity of national park ticket fees, and then selects the United States, Canada, South Africa, Germany, the United Kingdom, South Korea and other countries as typical cases to analyze the charging standards of representative national parks. On this basis, it points out that China's national park ticket fees should adhere to the principles of public welfare, fairness, rationality, diversification and differentiation, and puts forward specific practices of ticket charging in national parks, in order to provide reference for the construction of national parks, so as to fully reflect the public welfare of national parks and meet the people's demand for beautiful ecological products.
Personal Factors Influencing Pro-environmental Behavioral Intentions of Tourists in National Parks: A Case Study of the Potatso National Park
Yin Changxi, Qiu Shouming
2023, 22(1): 32-42.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021266
[Abstract](379) [FullText HTML](87) [PDF 785KB](36)
The pro-environmental behaviors of tourists in national parks are of great significance to ecological protection. This paper was designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the formation of tourists' pro-environmental intentions in a national park context by merging the value-belief-norm theory and the expectancy theory into one theoretical framework, and uses structural equation modeling to verify theoretical hypotheses based on 382 valid questionnaires of tourists in Potatso National Park of China. The results show that personal norm and expectancy positively affect the intention of pro-environmental behavior. As a whole, the prosocial psychological factors (biospheric value, ecological worldview, awareness of consequences, ascription of responsibility, personal norm) and the self-interested psychological factors (valence, instrumentality, expectancy) jointly promote tourists' pro-environmental behavior intentions. This study summarizes and verifies the prosocial and self-interest factors to improve tourists' pro-environmental behavior intention, provides a useful reference for formulating effective guidance strategies for tourists' pro-environmental behavior and sustainable development strategies of natural tourism destinations, and promotes the smooth implementation of China's green and low-carbon development national strategy.
Intention to Participate in Saiga Antelope Conservation Among Young Chinese: Based on an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior
Yang Tingyu, Zhang Zhongyi, Hu Yuxuan, Xie Yi
2023, 22(1): 43-53.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021258
[Abstract](98) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 830KB](8)
Promoting public participation is a practical move to strengthen wildlife conservation, while exploring public's intention to participate is a common practice when the participation behavior cannot be observed. This study focused on the saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica, saiga hereafter), an endangered species which is highly concerned by the international community. Based on the survey data from 536 young Chinese aged 16 ~ 40 years old and an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB), we applied descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling (SEM) to explore the intention to participate in the conservation of saiga and its influencing factors among young Chinese by attitude, norm, perceived behavioral control, conservation knowledge and sociodemographic characteristics. The results showed that: ① Respondents had a positive attitude towards saiga conservation, perceived the responsibility and social pressure to participate in the conservation, and their intention to participate was high, but had limited understanding of saiga and regarded it difficult to participate. ② Norm, perceived behavioral control, attitude, conservation knowledge and educational background positively and successively affected the intention, from strong to weak. ③ Reliability and validity of the scale and the model fit were good, showing that the extended TPB was verified and could effectively explain the intention to participate in saiga conservation. To promote public participation in saiga conservation, it is suggested to strengthen science popularization and broaden the channels of participation.
Discussion on Capacity Building of Gateway Community of Qilian Mountain National Park
Li Ruijie, Cai Jun, Liu Yuhan
2023, 22(1): 54-63.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022035
[Abstract](201) [FullText HTML](38) [PDF 787KB](22)
In the process of national park construction, facing the goal of ecological protection and economic development, China has been actively seeking ways to realize the coordinated development of community and national park. Therefore, the development of gateway community has always been the focus of scholars in the research of national park. Ability construction is closely related to the development of the community, and the community is an important topic of community development. This study focused on the Qinghai part of the Qilian Mountain National Park, conducted in-depth interviews to collect data, and used the method of grounded theory, in order to determine factors that affect the capability enhancing of national park gateway community, and summarize their logical relationship. The study summarized 38 initial concepts and 14 categories that contain seven main categories. Five core categories are refined, including strengthening community participation, fostering organizational capacity, cooperation network, institutional guarantee, livelihood expansion and transformation. The methods of enhancing community capacity are proposed from the aspects of scientific policy, management mechanism and talent nurturing, in order to hope that gateway communities could develop together with national parks.
Theories and Policies of Agricultural and Forestry Economics
Impact of Forest Products Trade on Carbon Emissions Based on the Technological Progress
Zhao Xiaohan, Mi Feng
2023, 22(1): 64-71.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022028
[Abstract](186) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 653KB](10)
Technological progress is an important way to achieve carbon emission reduction, and its effect on the carbon emission effect of forest products trade in China needs to be further explored. Based on this, we selected woody forest products as a typical representative of forest products, and used the data of 27 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities from 2010 to 2019 in China to establish a dynamic panel model to explore the impact of wood forest product trade on carbon emissions in China through systematic GMM method, and analyzed the mechanism of different technological progress paths. The results show that the direct effect of trade in forest products leads to the increase of carbon emissions from forest products, which has a negative impact on the environment. While the technical effect has a positive impact, the technical aspects such as utilization efficiency still need to be improved. The intermediate effect test of the technology introduction path is established, while the independent innovation is not conspicuous, and it is confirmed that technological progress does not play an “intermediary role”, but suppresses the direct negative impact of foreign trade on the environment instead. Based on the above-mentioned findings, we made further prospects for the sustainable development of forest products trade of China.
The Effect of Low-Carbon City Pilot Policy on Landscaping Construction Investment
Ma Yifei, Zhang Caihong
2023, 22(1): 72-79.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021268
[Abstract](135) [FullText HTML](23) [PDF 961KB](9)
Landscaping is an important component of low-carbon urban construction. In this paper, adopting the method of Differences-in-Differences, 141 prefecture-level cities in China are taken as samples to evaluate the influence of low-carbon city's pilot policies on the investment of landscaping construction, and to give a further analysis of the regional differences. The results show that, taking the demand of carbon sink and the low-carbon trend of landscaping construction as the orientation, the low-carbon city's implementation of pilot policy not only significantly increases the scale of investment in urban landscaping construction, but also has different influences on increasing investment in landscaping construction in various regions and cities. In terms of regional differences, under the influence of the policy, the investment in landscaping in the eastern and southern pilot cities increases remarkably compared with that in the non-pilot cities. From the perspective of city scale, the investment in landscaping construction has a significant increase in large and small cities, while it is not the case in medium-sized cities. Finally, some suggestions are put forward. According to the experience of low-carbon city pilot policies, local governments should be guided actively to make a series of policies on the perfect road-supporting green mechanism, and on the low-carbon investment system of landscaping in accordance with local conditions.
Research on Forest Laws and Environmental Laws
Establishment and Perfection of the Crime of Endangering Precious and Endangered Wild Animals
Yao Bei
2023, 22(1): 80-85.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022105
[Abstract](239) [FullText HTML](93) [PDF 591KB](11)
The crime of endangering precious and endangered wild animals is a new crime coming into effect from March 1, 2021.The establishment of this crime not only improves the public awareness of this crime and the convenience of judicial application, but also solves the confusion and difficulties in judicial practice as to whether the original crime needs to be punished for multiple crimes and the selection of the crime, which is of considerably positive significance. However, the nature of artificially bred wild animals, the characterization of the carcasses and organs of precious and endangered wild animals, and the determination of the subjective "knowledge" of the perpetrator of the act still need to be further discussed and clarified. The nature of artificially bred wild animals should be further clarified through typological provisions, and it needs to clarify that wild animal carcasses and organs are wild animal products and optimize the presumption process of the subjective "knowledge" of the object of the act, in order to further promote the scientific and perfect protection of the criminal law of precious and endangered wildlife resources.
Environmental and Ecological Psychology
The Connection Between College Students' Tourism Preferences and Their Childhood Nature-contacted Experiences
Fang Xiaoyu, Ma Baojian, Ma Youchuan
2023, 22(1): 86-92.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022085
[Abstract](182) [FullText HTML](43) [PDF 693KB](31)
Abundant research in environmental science, psychology and other related fields has shown that adults with different nature-contacted experiences in childhood often show certain differences in cognition and behavior. Nevertheless, little attention has been paid to research on children's nature-contacted experiences in the field of tourism. In this study, a questionnaire survey was administered among 304 college students in Beijing to investigate the connection between tourism preferences in adulthood and nature-contacted experiences in childhood. The study investigated the implications of urban or rural growth background and the frequency, mode, environment, intensity, and feeling of nature-contacted experiences in childhood for tourism preferences in adulthood as it relates to cognition, emotion, and intention. The results of questionnaire surveys revealed that: ① the mode, environment, intensity, and feeling of nature-contacted experiences in childhood all appear to have certain influences on tourism preference in adulthood; ② neither growth background nor the frequency of nature-contacted experience shows a significant relationship with tourism preference in adulthood. Based on the results, this article puts forward some targeted suggestions on children's nature education and college students' tourism market development: ① children's nature education should be carried out in a real wild natural environment with moderate intensity, adults should guide children to have positive feelings towards nature; ② tourism marketing development should pay attention to how college students' demands for natural tourism products relate to their nature-contacted experiences in childhood.
The Dilemma and Reconstruction of the Symbiotic Justice Between Man and Nature
ZHANG Tao, XU Hai-hong
2021, 20(4): 33-39.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021151
[Abstract](703) [FullText HTML](162) [PDF 531KB](162)
Sir William Chambers and His Perceptions of Traditional Chinese Gardens
CHEN Miao-miao, ZHU Xia-qing, GUO Yu-nan, WANG Xin
2014, 13(3): 44-49.  
[Abstract](2511) [PDF 6485KB](445)
Research Progress and Methods on Western Camping Tourism, and Its Inspiration to China's Forest Tourism
NI Xin-xin, MA Ren-feng, WU Yang, ZHUANG Pei-jun
2015, 14(4): 23-32.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015050
[Abstract](4596) [PDF 1406KB](206)
National Park Management System in Spain and Its Implications
CHEN Jie, CHEN Shao-zhi, XU Bin
2014, 13(4): 50-54.  
[Abstract](1509) [PDF 4792KB](297)
Residents' Recreation Needs for Urban Green Space and Perception of Health Benefits: A Case Study of Urban Parks in Hangzhou City
2014, 13(2): 87-92.  
[Abstract](1353) [PDF 1306KB](221)
Analysis of Consumers'Behavior of Purchasing Organic Fruits and Vegetables and Its Affecting Factors: Based on A Survey on Nanjing Urban Residents
HE Jing, SUN Ze-ping, XIE Yu, ZHANG Hua-ni
2015, 14(3): 63-68.  
[Abstract](1097) [PDF 1062KB](172)
Historical Analysis of Herbaceous Peony as Symbol of Love in China
YU Xiao-nan, YUAN Qing-lei, HAO Li-hong
2014, 13(2): 26-31.  
[Abstract](1406) [PDF 1277KB](242)
Current Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures of China's Rosin Market
DONG Jing-xi, LIU Zi-yuan, ZHANG Zi-yi, YE Ke-zhuang, WU Jian
2015, 14(4): 60-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015087
[Abstract](1427) [PDF 1162KB](209)
Discussion on Planning and Design Strategies for Landscape Regeneration of Abandoned Coal Mine Land
GE Shu-hong, WANG Xiang-rong
2015, 14(4): 45-53.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015085
[Abstract](1355) [PDF 3069KB](162)
A Preliminary Study on the Timber Trade in Hunan Province During the Period of the Republic of China
HE Meng-zhu, LI Li
2016, 15(1): 29-33.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015035
[Abstract](1791) [PDF 995KB](248)