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Establishment Time:2002

CN 11-4740/C

ISSN 1671-6116

Supervisor: Beijing Forestry University

Sponsors by: Ministry of Education of the Republic of China

Articles in press have been peer-reviewed and accepted, which are not yet assigned to volumes /issues, but are citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
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Performance Evaluation of China Forestry Insurance Subsidy and Measurement of the Optimal Subsidy Scale
Deng Jing, Guo Lisha, Tian Zhiwei
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021342
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 589KB](0)
Based on the theory related to the efficiency of fiscal expenditure, the efficiency of forest insurance financial subsidies in China was studied. Firstly, the comprehensive efficiency evaluation index system of my country's forest insurance financial subsidies is constructed from the perspectives of economic efficiency and social efficiency, and the entropy weighting method was used to measure the subsidy efficiency values by province for 2019. Then, incorporating the scale of subsidies into the production function, the data of each province in China from 2013-2019 were used to explore the impact of different factors on the efficiency of financial subsidies for forest insurance and to measure the optimal scale of forest insurance subsidies in China. It is found that economic efficiency accounts for a slightly larger proportion of the efficiency of forest insurance financial subsidies than social efficiency; the scale of government financial subsidies has a significant positive driving effect on the efficiency of subsidies, while the level of economic development of the place also has an important impact on the efficiency of forest insurance financial subsidies; In addition, the production function method shows that the subsidy efficiency is maximized when the government forest insurance premium subsidy reaches 4.21% of the primary forestry industry output, but the actual scale of subsidies in most regions of the country is still far smaller than the optimal level. Based on the above findings, this paper proposes the following recommendations: to expand the scope of subsidies and implement forest insurance nationwide; to increase the financial subsidies, strive to narrow the difference with the optimal scale, and increase the subsidy ratio differently according to the actual situation of the economic development level and the amount of subsidies in each region; to pay attention to the improvement of economic efficiency while taking into account social efficiency; the government should comprehensively determine the optimal subsidy scale of forest insurance according to the target scale of forestry output value and the optimal subsidy scale ratio.
“Safeguarding”, “Breaking-through” and “Surpassing” in the Construction of “New Liberal Arts”
WU Li-hong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022023
[Abstract](9) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 480KB](1)
The innovation and construction of “New Liberal Arts” in the recent years has aroused widespread concerns and discussions in the circles of education and social sciences. However, some problems have not been clarified, and they are still in the exploratory stage. Through extensive study and analysis on the related literature, the paper proposes the principles of “safeguarding”, “breaking-through” and “surpassing” for the reform and construction of “New Liberal Arts”. “Safeguarding” means to adhere to the essence and connotation of the disciplines of liberal arts. On the basis of it, it is suggested to “break through” the backward concepts of running a college/university, the confinement of administrative management of scientific research system, and the disciplinary barriers within the humanities and social sciences and between them and natural sciences. Thereafter, considering the advantages and characteristics of their disciplines comprehensively, colleges/universities shouldinnovateand optimize theirdisciplinary positionings andlayouts, talent cultivation mechanisms, teaching modes and research methods. Finally, “surpassing” is achieved, that is, different disciplineshave proceededboundarycrossing, disciplinaryfusion and knowledgeintegration, andmade use of advanced scientific and technological methods to teach and research so as to bring uphigh-quality talents for the social developmentand serve the national strategybetter.In the reform and construction of “New Liberal Arts”, some pilot universities have provided a number of effective and innovative measures, which would be insightful for other colleges/universities.
The Equity of Beijing Urban Parks from the Perspective of Demand
Wang Lanhui, Ren Bao, Xia Lingxin, Lu Yimeng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021328
[Abstract](58) [FullText HTML](8) [PDF 2278KB](4)
As an essential part of environment equity, urban parks provide various benefits such as improving air quality, alleviating urban heat island effect, increasing entertainment opportunities, enhancing aesthetic value, promoting physical and mental health, preventing natural disasters, offering emergency shelters, etc. This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the equity of urban parks from the perspectives of accessibility of urban parks in terms of quality, quantity, square and time based on 9 311 residential communities in different traffic patterns. Social equity is discussed based on the Gini coefficient, Lorentz curve and location entropy. In a conclusion, the equity of urban parks in the northern part of Beijing is better than that in the south, and the west is better than the east, and an obvious circle structure is presented with the characteristics of "internally plane, centrally linear, and externally dotted". The areas with higher scores are mainly located within the Fourth Ring Road. The equity of public transportation in urban parks in high-density residential areas is relatively poor. The Gini coefficient of urban park resources in Beijing is 0.35, still imbalanced to some extent in allocation, but is better than that of other super large cities.
The Effect of Place Attachment on Pro-Environmental Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Environmental Pollution Anxiety
CHENG Shiqi, GUO Zitong, ZHAO Zeqi, SUN Shiyue
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021196
[Abstract](14) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 628KB](1)
Place attachment refers to the cognitive, emotional and behavioral connection between people and place. From the affection-driven perspective, place attachment leads people to a stronger protective attitude towards the place. This study explored the effect of place attachment on pro-environmental behavior and tested the mediating role of environmental pollution anxiety, aiming to work out the internal promoting mechanism of pro-environmental behavior. Relevant data were collected in the form of online questionnaires, and 298 valid responses were finalized. The results showed that: ① Affective attachment had a significantly positive influence on pro-environmental behaviors in both the public and private dimensions; place identity, place dependence and social bonding had no significant effect on pro-environmental behaviors in both dimensions. ② Environmental pollution anxiety played a significant mediating role. The higher the level of place attachment people had, the less environmental pollution anxiety they produced, and the more likely they were to engage in pro-environmental behaviors. The findings suggest that place attachment and environmental pollution anxiety play important roles in promoting pro-environmental behaviors. The strategy of promoting pro-environmental behaviors should focus on the establishment of positive emotional connection between people and place, while high anxiety about environmental pollution is not conducive to the promotion of pro-environmental behaviors.
Study on Price Transmission of Imported Hardwood Lumber in the Context of Comprehensive Commercial Ban on Logging in Natural Forests
Yang Lihua, Wang Xiudong, Yin Zhonghua
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021357
[Abstract](64) [FullText HTML](8) [PDF 706KB](4)
Since April 2015, China has implemented the policy of completely stopping commercial logging of natural forests. The implementation of this policy has led to a decrease in the supply of domestic hardwood lumber and an increase in the import dependence of hardwood lumber, which had brought about a profound impact on the price transmission among China's imported hardwood lumber. In this context,we selected the daily price data of major imported hardwood lumber (Merbau, Sapele,Triplochiton, Beech and Okoume) in China from 2011 to 2019 for empirical study. June 1, 2015 was identified as the structural mutation point, and the time interval was divided into two sub-intervals. The price transmission relationship between imported hardwood lumber was empirically analyzed by the threshold cointegration model.The results showed that each price group had asymmetric price transmission relationship in the two sub-intervals, and the asymmetry of price transmission was further enhanced after the implementation of commercial ban policy of natural forest, which led to the widening of the welfare distribution gap of timber importers and exporters, and made Chinese timber importers in a more unfavorable trade position. On this basis, we put forward some strategies to deal with asymmetric price transmission from the perspectives of government and enterprises, so as to maintain fair and reasonable timber trade.
Reflections on the Revitalization of Rural Culture Based on Excellent Rural Traditional Culture
SU Jing
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021215
[Abstract](18) [FullText HTML](1) [PDF 567KB](0)
China’s outstanding rural traditional culture, characterized for its social background of living with the land, self-contained small-scale peasant economy, and social structure affected by Confucian ethical culture, is in the sustaining pursuit of values such as respecting nature, worshiping the heaven and giving people peace, admiring righteousness and virtue. These values are still playing important role in the current revitalization of rural culture. At present, excellent rural traditional cultures are declining, reflected by out-of-balance rural ethics and moral order, the loss of recognition basis of traditional cultural values, and the impact of the material carrier of traditional rural culture. Now, it is urgent for us to adhere to the overall principle of a community of shared future between urban and rural areas, take villages, traditional festivals and cultural activities as the carrier, and take the cultural industry as the material basis to truly carry forward the excellent traditional culture in rural areas.
Empirical Analysis of the Impact of the Development Strategy of the Yangtze River Economic Belt on the Agricultural Ecological Environment Efficiency in the Upper Reaches
Hou Na, Yang Jinlin, Kou Lin, Zeng Zhi, Liu Wenwen, Zhang Dahong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021165
[Abstract](99) [FullText HTML](9) [PDF 1305KB](80)
The control of agricultural non-point source pollution is not only an effective way to achieve a healthy agricultural production environment but also a key grip for the Yangtze River Economic Belt to achieve quality improvement, efficiency upgrading, and green development, which is related to the realization of the strategic goal of the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Taking the implementation of the development strategy of the Yangtze River Economic Belt in the upstream area of the Yangtze River (Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan) in 2015 as a quasi-natural experiment, the synthetic control method was used to evaluate the impact of the development strategy of the Yangtze River Economic Belt on the efficiency of agricultural ecological environment in this region. The results show that the development strategy of the Yangtze River Economic Belt promotes the efficiency of the agricultural ecological environment in the upstream area, and increases with the deepening of the development strategy of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The analysis of regional heterogeneity shows that the development strategy has promoted the efficiency of the agricultural ecological environment in Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan, and achieved the policy goal of effective control of agricultural and rural non-point source pollution in the Yangtze River Economic Belt by 2020. Therefore, when promoting the efficiency of the agricultural ecological environment, the government should pay more attention to improving the efficiency of fiscal and environmental protection expenditure in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, increasing revenue and reducing expenditure, so as to achieve the expected income goals of policymakers and farmers.
The research of locality interpretation for AnShun Tunpu settlements: A Case Study Yunshan Tunpu settlement
WANG Jingwen
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021176
[Abstract](38) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 822KB](1)
In the face of the integration and invasion of modernization in the process of globalization and urbanization, how to protect and continue the locality has become an important research topic of traditional settlements. Based on the "four-layer integrated" analysis method of human geography, this paper makes an in-depth analysis of the regional system of human-land relationship in Yunshan Tunpu settlement in the evolution of time and space, and makes a comprehensive interpretation of the locality of Tunpu settlement from the dimensions of local landscape, local text, local symbols and local sense. The results show that in the long development and evolution process of Yunshan Tunpu settlement, the four-layer integrated tourism structure based on its cultural resources replaced gradually the four-layer integrated military and trade structure which have been originally formed by geographical location, natural terrain and transportation advantages, while the locality of Yunshan Tunpu settlement showed the continuity, overlapping and accumulation of time and space.
Prospect of environmental philosophy in post epidemic Era
Zhou Guowen, Zhu Yingying, Cai Xinyi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021272
[Abstract](17) [FullText HTML](1) [PDF 550KB](2)
To think about the environmental philosophy in the global public health crisis from a more far-reaching spiritual level, whether it can be further developed in the post epidemic era, has the following three aspects of analytical Outlook: First, to wake up the "crisis challenge" with "the opportunity of environmental philosophy"; Second, "The concept certainty of environmental philosophy" is used to offset "the uncertainty of crisis"; Third, "increment of environmental philosophy" is used to overcome "the stock of crisis". Looking at the increment of environmental philosophy in the new era, on the one hand, it shows the positive application of Dialectics of nature in philosophical thinking of a series of social problems, on the other hand, it reflects the multi-dimensional intersection of the theoretical connotation of environmental philosophy with natural philosophy and ecological philosophy. If human beings can get out of the wrong way in the changeable world situation, it will not only always seek the evidence from environmental philosophy, but also need to forge a clear epistemology to support the value shift of polycentric thoughts.
Establishment and perfection of the crime of endangering precious and endangered wild animals
Yao Bei
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022105
[Abstract](10) [FullText HTML](5) [PDF 589KB](1)
The crime of endangering precious and endangered wild animals is a new crime coming into effect from March 1, 2021.The establishment of this crime not only improves the public awareness of this crime and the convenience of judicial application, but also solves the confusion and difficulties in judicial practice as to whether the original crime needs to be punished for multiple crimes and the selection of the crime, which is ofconsiderably positive significance. However, the nature of artificially bred wild animals, the characterization of the carcasses and organs of precious and endangered wild animals, and the determination of the subjective "knowledge" of the perpetrator of the act still need to be further discussed and clarified. The nature of artificially bred wild animals should be further clarified through typological provisions, and it needs toclarify that wild animal carcasses and organs are wild animal products and optimize the presumption process of the subjective "knowledge" of the object of the act, in order to further promote the scientific and perfect protection of the criminal law of precious and endangered wildlife resources.
The Diffusion Effect of the Overall Social Network on the Behavior of Farmers Planting New Varieties of Economic Forest:Taking Wuxing Village, Yongan City, Fujian Province as an Example
Feng Qiya, Ke Shuifa, Zhang Chao, Li Kangmiao
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022040
[Abstract](81) [FullText HTML](4) [PDF 892KB](1)
Based on the whole village case data of Wuxing Village, Yongan City of Fujian Province, the diffusion effect of the overall social network in the village on the behavior of farmers planting new plant varieties of economic forest was studied by using the overall network analysis method. The results show that: ①the case village has realized the diffusion process of the group behavior of planting new varieties from scratch for up to 20 years. The diffusion process presents an "S" shape, which is in line with the new product diffusion model proposed by Rogers; ②there is a significantly positive correlation between the clan network, neighbor network, local neighbor network and mutual aid network in the case village and the behavior diffusion network of farmers planting new varieties: the actors in case villages are most influenced by clan networks; actors are more easily influenced by actors with whom they have mutual aid relationships; ③The rural elites in case villages take advantage of their important role and huge influence in different social networks to be the fundamental reason for promoting the group behavior of planting new varieties to achieve a comprehensive diffusion within the village. Therefore, policy recommendations are also put forward for optimizing the R&D and promotion of new varieties by utilizing the characteristics of rural social networks in the paper.
Evaluation of Forest Cultural Value of Forest Parks:Taking Fourteen National Forest Parks in Henan Province as Examples
Zhang Zhe, Zhang Yuxing
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021216
[Abstract](58) [FullText HTML](14) [PDF 775KB](1)
Evaluation of forest cultural value has obvious effect on accounting of forest value and ecological culture building, and has important implications for improving the supply capacity of ecological products and promoting the scientific development of ecotourism. The forest cultural values were assessed using forest culture currency method and culture year assessment method in fourteen national forest parks in different regions and areas in Henan Province. The factors influencing forest cultural value were analyzed. The results of two different methods have good consistency. The forest cultural values of fourteen national forest parks using forest culture currency method are between 601.4 and 4 929.2 thousand forest culture currency), and the values using culture year assessment method are between 1518.44 and 9791.60 culture year. The space capacity of resources and economic development capacity of cultural resources are the main factors constraining expansion and improvement of the forest cultural values. Based on the capacity of forest cultural resources and environment carrying capacity, the correlation between tourist numbers, the time people stay in the forest and forest cultural value in forest parks is significant (p < 0.05). Finally, the evaluation characteristics and applicability of two methods are proposed.
Analysis of Factors Influencing the High-quality Development of Forestry Industry in Beijing
Hou Jian, Liu Qing, Chen Jiancheng, Li Mingyue
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021175
[Abstract](97) [FullText HTML](12) [PDF 681KB](3)
Forestry is the foundation for building an ecological safety barrier in Beijing and consolidating green development. The high-quality development of the forestry industry is an urgent requirement for responding to the new situation and new goals, building ecological civilization, and implementing the strategy of rural revitalization. Based on the development status of the forestry industry in Beijing and 391 questionnaire data, the research uses structural equation models to analyze the impact of government support, technological innovation, industrial agglomeration, economic momentum, and resource endowment on the high-quality development of the forestry industry. Besides, the models also explore the mediating effects of economic momentum and resource endowment. The results show that: first, government support does not have a significantly direct positive effect on the high-quality development of the forestry industry, while technological innovation, industrial agglomeration, economic momentum, and resource endowment all contribute to the direct promotion of the high-quality development of the forestry industry, and the promotion of technological innovation is the most significant.Secondly, government support, technological innovation, and industrial agglomeration can indirectly drive the high-quality development of the forestry industry through economic momentum and resource endowments.
The Impact of Forestry Investment on Urban Residents' Green Welfare
Yang He, Zeng Zhi, Mi Feng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021106
[Abstract](283) [FullText HTML](47) [PDF 631KB](20)
Based on Chinese inter-provincial panel data from 2011 to 2019, this paper empirically analyzed the impact of forestry investment on urban residents' green welfare and its impact pathways with the systematic GMM model and mediating effects model from two perspectives: the sources and destinations of forestry investment. The results of the study showed that: ① The source of forestry investment is dependent on the difference of forest resource endowment in each region, and social capital is more efficient than financial capital. For every 1% increase in fiscal capital and social capital after the introduction of forest resource endowment, the level of green welfare increases by 10.414% and 122.42%, respectively. ② The destination of forestry investment has a significant enhancement effect on urban residents' green welfare. Among them, for every 1% increase in investment in ecological construction and protection, support and protection, and infrastructure construction, the level of green welfare increases by 0.047%, 0.021%, and 0.0147%, respectively, while the impact of investment in forestry industry development on green welfare depends on the magnitude of its "positive and negative effects". 3) The study of the impact pathways found that forestry investment can enhance green welfare through the improvement of ecological environment and the growth of national economy, and also avoid the loss of green welfare by reducing their consumption level. Therefore, the source of forestry investment should encourage the absorption of social capital, and the direction of forestry investment should actively guide the development of forestry industry, so as to enhance the green welfare of urban residents more effectively from both the source and the end.
The Impact of Local Policies on Forestry Financing with the Background of Collective Forest Tenure Reform:Based on a Multi-case Study
Yin Yufei, Hou Fangmiao, Liu Can
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021251
[Abstract](190) [FullText HTML](25) [PDF 827KB](26)
Taking collective forest tenure reform as the background, this paper analyzes the difficulties and causes of forestry financing in China, and then uses the method of multi case analysis and selects four typical counties, namely Shaxian County of Fujian Province, Suichang County of Zhejiang Province, Peng'an County of Sichuan Province, and Benxi County of Liaoning Province, to explore the local policies of promoting the development of local forestry financing in southeast, southwest and northeast collective forest areas. The results show that the local policies of southeast collective forest region represented by Shaxian County of Fujian Province and Suichang County of Zhejiang Province mainly promote local forestry financing through direct subsidies or creating new financing modes and improving the establishment of socialized service system. The southwest collective forest area represented by Peng'an County of Sichuan Province mainly strengthens the building of forestry finance by improving the system and strengthening cooperation with local financial institutions. The northeast collective forest region represented by Benxi County of Liaoning Province mainly makes up for the weakness of forestry financing by providing preferential loans, discount interest and government insurance. This paper explores the heterogeneity of the policies in different collective forest areas, and puts forward policy implications for different regions and even for the country in guiding the development of forestry financing.
Impact of Digital Finance Development on China's Green Development Level
Yang Yu, Zhang Caihong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021248
[Abstract](453) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 674KB](33)
Based on the panel data of 30 provinces in China from 2011 to 2018, this paper examines the impact of digital finance on China's green development level through benchmark regression models, intermediary effect models, threshold effect models and spatial Dubin models. The results show that: ① digital finance at the national and sub-regional levels can improve China's green development; ② digital finance has improved the level of green development in China through an intermediary mechanism that raises innovation efficiency, expands technology spillovers, and promotes the upgrading of industrial structure; ③ digital financial has a single threshold effect on China's green development level; ④ digital finance has a spatial spillover effect on the level of green development in China, digital finance can significantly improve the level of local green development, but it is not conducive to improving the level of green development in neighboring areas.
Ecological Civilization
Engels's Idea and Ecological Significance of "Learning to Estimate the Natural Effects of Production Behavior"
Xie Baojun
2022, 21(2): 1-8.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021307
[Abstract](118) [FullText HTML](17) [PDF 536KB](35)
Engels's Dialectics of Nature contains a wealth of ecological ideas, of which the idea of "learning to estimate the natural influence of production behavior" is an important content. In the past, we expounded a lot on the social impact of production behavior, and the natural impact of production behavior was not studied enough, and the ecological and environmental problems in reality were often the result of people ignoring the natural influence of production behavior. Therefore, the excavation of Engels's idea of "learning to estimate the natural effects of production behavior" is our new research domain. Engels criticized the short-sighted behavior of people in production, prompting people to learn to recognize, estimate, and control the natural effects of production behavior. At the same time, Engels analyzed the reasons why people ignore the natural influence of production behavior from the perspective of capitalist mode of production and the greedy nature of capitalists. Engels's idea of natural dialectics also contains the theoretical core of ecological dialectics, which deserves our great attention. Engels's idea of "learning to estimate the natural influence of production behavior" has left a strong mark in the history of human ecological thought, providing important theoretical support and practical compliance for today's ecological civilization construction.
On the Establishment of Chinese Ecological Civilization System in the Wider Context of Once-in-a-Century Changes Taking Place in the World
Zhang Xiuqin
2022, 21(2): 9-14.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021338
[Abstract](299) [FullText HTML](110) [PDF 511KB](47)
That the world is experiencing a wider context of once-in-a-century changes is a major judgment made by Xi Jinping. The great changes in the world's political and economic structure have also led to profound adjustments to the global governance order. In the face of the imbalance of global ecological governance, it is necessary to work together for building a global ecological civilization with the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, and to establish an effective ecological civilization system. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the country has always focused on institutional construction in the building of ecological civilization, and continuously promoted the modernization of the ecological governance system and governance capacity. This institutional attempt not only provides ecological guarantee for developing China into a great modern socialist country, but also contributes Chinese wisdom and solutions to improving the global ecological governance pattern and promoting to build a community with a shared future for all life on earth.
Biodiversity Conservation Requires the Cooperation Between Natural Science and Humanities
Liu Huajie
2022, 21(2): 15-21.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2022033
[Abstract](262) [FullText HTML](86) [PDF 543KB](54)
Abstract : Biodiversity conservation lacking of humanistic dimension is incomplete and inadequate action, with all the advantages and disadvantages of scientism. Scientism is not a science, but an over-optimistic belief, which is conceited and has an impulse to change the world. Designing oversimplified scientific models does yield clean and efficient results, but they may not reflect the original look of ecosystem. Ecology and biodiversity conservation involve multi-variables and long-term prediction of complex systems, and natural science alone is insufficient, so science and technology policy authorities need to invite humanities scholars to participate in studying and evaluating. In early 2022, ex-situ conservation suddenly became a hot phrase in Chinese scientific community, and some of the original data of species were re-labeled as this new term. However, biodiversity protection should be mainly based on in-situ conservation, with ex-situ conservation as supplementary approach. To protect 85% of the native species of China by ex-situ conservation seems to be lack of sufficient basis.
Earth Alienation, World Alienation and Ecological Crisis: Arendt's Reflections on Modern Technology
Sun Xuyang, Yan Geng
2022, 21(2): 22-26.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021057
[Abstract](290) [FullText HTML](68) [PDF 499KB](32)
On the basis of reinterpreting alienation as separation, Arendt put forward the concepts of earth alienation and world alienation, and revealed a possible causal chain between the development of modern technology and the emergence of ecological crisis. As Arendt pointed out, earth alienation and world alienation damage the natural ecology in different ways. This difference reveals the ambivalent attitude of modern people towards natural ecology, and behind it, the ambivalent understanding of human existence conditions. Although Arendt's theory of alienation is unique in revealing the contradictions in modern society and in understanding the causes of modern ecological crisis, it can not help people step out of ecological crisis in practice because of her denial of human nature.
The Process of Establishing Ecological Engineering Theory and Difference in Historical Narrations About It
Liu Liang
2022, 21(2): 27-32.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021074
[Abstract](76) [FullText HTML](18) [PDF 507KB](8)
In the 1960s, facing the five severe problems of population, ecology, resources, environment and food all over the world, Odum and other scientists put forward the theory of ecological engineering on the basis of ecosystem theory. Domestic researchers generally regarded the four-word principle of "integrity, coordination, circulation and regeneration" proposed by ecologist Ma Shijun in 1979 as the beginning of China's ecological engineering theory, but other scholars have different narrative ways. This different historical narration of scientific events is a phenomenon worthy of attention and research.
Research on Forest Laws and Environmental Laws
Veered Legal Principle, Renewed Rules and Unsolved Challenges of The Forest Law
Wei Hua
2022, 21(2): 33-38.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021127
[Abstract](286) [FullText HTML](90) [PDF 556KB](34)
The Forest Law has been amended in 2019, and enforced in 2020. This paper applies document study method to contrast the two laws in terms of legislation idea and concrete systems. It is found that the new Forest Law has a changed ecological view. While the old Forest Law attached importance to the ecological values of trees, e.g., preserving water and soil, adjusting climate, the new law pays attention to the value of protecting wildlife resources as forest ecosystem. The rules of the new law have been reformed, established comprehensive ecological protection measures, solidified forestry reform efforts in 20 years, and solved problems puzzling forestry practice for a long time. The present study shows that the new law also has old problems and new challenges that need to be solved in the future, such as defining the forest right, linking up cutting quota and forest management plan, the challenges of cutting management, and difficulties of forestry executive enforcement.
Forest Culture
On the Custom about Planting Pines and Cypresses in Cemeteries in Ancient China and Its Cultural Connotation of Funeral
Ding Jie
2022, 21(2): 39-46.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021066
[Abstract](819) [FullText HTML](285) [PDF 858KB](32)
The custom of planting pines and cypresses in cemeteries in China has a long history. Archeologists have confirmed that the cell picture on the right side of the funeral carving of the sarcophagus in Han Dynasty in the Gounan Village of Weishan island, Weishan County, Shandong Province is the existing "the earliest picture of pines and cypresses planted in the cemetery" in China. The custom has been continuously developed and perfected in the process practiced by people of past ages. Relying on morality and law, the pines and cypresses planted in cemeteries were well protected and managed in ancient China. Owing to many practical functions such as greening the environment of cemeteries, the pines and cypresses became the first choice and alternative name of the "Tomb Trees" in ancient China. In the long-term practice of Chinese ancestors, the cultural connotation contained in the funeral custom has become increasingly rich. In ancient China, the pines and cypresses planted in the cemeteries not only contained the ancient people's multiple ideas about the world after death, such as the expectation of becoming immortal after death, the hope of eternal soul in cemeteries and the fear of ghost from the underground world, but also demonstrated the family affection of filial sons to the deceased, and also expressed the Filial Piety culture of Confucianism. As a traditional funeral culture which has been inherited for more than 2 000 years, the excellent custom is still upheld by Chinese today.
Research on Establishing National Parks
Stage Characteristics and Evolution Process of National Park Research in China
Peng Jian, Wang Rui, Qi Yuanyuan, Yang Jing
2022, 21(2): 47-54.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021208
[Abstract](144) [FullText HTML](12) [PDF 1277KB](15)
In this study, we collected and analyzed the literature regarding national park research by using CiteSpace, and then discussed the research history, stage characteristics, evolutionary process and future trends. The research of national park by Chinese scholars can be divided into three phases, i.e. the sprouting period from 1980 to 2005, the slow warming-up period from 2006 to 2012, and the sharp rising period from 2013 to 2020. The topic and content of national park research are featured by staged evolution, and significantly influenced by the practice of establishing national park system. With the happening of national park establishment practice, some new topics have become hot among Chinese academic community, such as Chinese national park administration system and the case studies of pilot national parks in some provinces.
Theories and Policies of Agricultural and Forestry Economics
Forest Ticket Practice: the Way to Realize the Capitalization of Collective Forest Resources
Fang Qiushuang, Li Hongxun, Xie Yi
2022, 21(2): 55-62.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021173
[Abstract](288) [FullText HTML](69) [PDF 693KB](43)
There exist five problems in collective forest management: fragmentation and decentralization of forest land, difficulty in forestry financing, poor liquidity of forest resources assets, low level of forestry management, and difficulty in guarantee of farmers' income. Based on the theory of property right transaction and from the perspective of capitalization of forest resources, this paper summarizes the mode of "forest ticket practice" in Sanming City, Fujian Province, analyzes the operation mechanism of forest ticket practice from four aspects of resources integration, equity cooperation, share quantification and market operation, and analyzes the capitalization of collective forest resources based on the logic of "resource asset capital" value realization process. Finally, the paper expounds that the forest ticket practice solves five problems in the process of collective forest management: equity cooperation realizes scale operation; pledge loan increases financing channels; share quantification promotes market circulation; professional division promotes intensive operation; cooperative operation brings benefit sharing. The research has important practical reference value for promoting the "Three Rights Separation" of forest land to improve the level of forestry intensive management, realizing the double promotion of forest ecological and economic benefits, and forming the mechanism of capital into the mountain and forest.
Factors Influencing Consumers' Satisfaction with Edible Non-wood Forest Products Based on Online Reviews
Geng Yunhui, Wang Wukui, Zhang Jingran
2022, 21(2): 63-70.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021113
[Abstract](88) [FullText HTML](6) [PDF 697KB](11)
We explored the impact of different dimensions of perceived value on product satisfaction through regression analysis. Based on the theory of perceived value, a five-dimensional model of consumers' perceived value of edible non-wood forest products was constructed. Then, 35 375 online comments were crawled using crawler software.Finally, fine-grained sentiment analysis technology was used to quantify the sentimental attitude of the review text. It is found that the economic value, functional value, procedural value, and brand value of edible non-wood forest products have a significantly positive impact on consumers' satisfaction, and the degree of such influence increases in turn. Furthermore, the product categories based on whether or not they had been forest certified played a moderating role in the relationship between functional value, procedural value, economic value and green value and consumer satisfaction. In view of this, we put forward suggestions that companies should improve the cost-effectiveness of edible non-wood products, tap the green value of products, strengthen brand promotion, improve the service function system, and actively certify operating products.
The Spread of Public Opinions on Wild Animals: Stage Division and Countermeasures
Lian Ziqin, Chen Wenhui, Liu Junchang
2022, 21(2): 71-77.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021188
[Abstract](115) [FullText HTML](26) [PDF 843KB](24)
This study uses S-H-ESD algorithms to monitor the outliers in the process of dissemination of public opinions on wild animals, which can more accurately find the segmentation points of each stage, and provide a certain empirical basis for exploring the changing characteristics and internal laws of each stage in the process of disseminating online public opinions on wild animal. It is helpful to grasp the correct guidance of public opinions for wildlife protection. This study uses S-H-ESD algorithm to divide the stages of wildlife-related network events with mass public opinions. The results show that the life cycle of communication of wildlife-related network public opinions can be divided into germination period, outbreak period, mitigation period and decline period. On this basis, according to the characteristics of each stage, a complete set of strategies and suggestions for "monitoring-intervention-guidance-evaluation" are proposed to deal with the crisis of network public opinions on the wildlife. Finally, we propose the following suggestions: ①improve the online public opinion risk assessment system concerning wild animals, and classify the risk levels of different types of wild animals, strengthen the risk management and control of public opinions on the wildlife network; ②establish an early warning and supervision system for wildlife-related network public opinions to scientifically prevent the problem of "conflict between man and wildlife".
The Path of New Country Sages' Participation in Township Construction in Henan Province Based on Grounded Theory
Meng Shiyu, Li Zhuo, Yang Fangrong, Zhang Yige, Lu Liming
2022, 21(2): 78-84.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021346
[Abstract](186) [FullText HTML](30) [PDF 705KB](32)
Based on the grounded theory, the three-level coding of the deeds and materials of 30 new country sages selected in Henan Province is carried out, and the "condition-path-result" theoretical model of Henan's new country sages participating in township construction is constructed. On this basis, the participation path is analyzed and summarized. It is considered that the ways of these rural elites' participation in rural construction mainly include giving full play to the capital advantage, establishing the interest connection mechanism, giving full play to the intellectual advantage to promote the endogenous development of agriculture and rural areas, bringing into full play the demonstration advantage to participate in the inheritance and innovation of local culture and giving full scope to the local advantage to build a new relationship network, which provides a theoretical and practical basis for the new country sages' participation in rural construction in Henan and other regions.
The Dilemma and Reconstruction of the Symbiotic Justice Between Man and Nature
ZHANG Tao, XU Hai-hong
2021, 20(4): 33-39.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021151
[Abstract](349) [FullText HTML](94) [PDF 531KB](94)
Sir William Chambers and His Perceptions of Traditional Chinese Gardens
CHEN Miao-miao, ZHU Xia-qing, GUO Yu-nan, WANG Xin
2014, 13(3): 44-49.  
[Abstract](1929) [PDF 6485KB](320)
Research Progress and Methods on Western Camping Tourism, and Its Inspiration to China's Forest Tourism
NI Xin-xin, MA Ren-feng, WU Yang, ZHUANG Pei-jun
2015, 14(4): 23-32.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015050
[Abstract](4028) [PDF 1406KB](191)
National Park Management System in Spain and Its Implications
CHEN Jie, CHEN Shao-zhi, XU Bin
2014, 13(4): 50-54.  
[Abstract](1188) [PDF 4792KB](243)
Residents' Recreation Needs for Urban Green Space and Perception of Health Benefits: A Case Study of Urban Parks in Hangzhou City
2014, 13(2): 87-92.  
[Abstract](1110) [PDF 1306KB](184)
Analysis of Consumers'Behavior of Purchasing Organic Fruits and Vegetables and Its Affecting Factors: Based on A Survey on Nanjing Urban Residents
HE Jing, SUN Ze-ping, XIE Yu, ZHANG Hua-ni
2015, 14(3): 63-68.  
[Abstract](947) [PDF 1062KB](158)
Historical Analysis of Herbaceous Peony as Symbol of Love in China
YU Xiao-nan, YUAN Qing-lei, HAO Li-hong
2014, 13(2): 26-31.  
[Abstract](1172) [PDF 1277KB](216)
Current Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures of China's Rosin Market
DONG Jing-xi, LIU Zi-yuan, ZHANG Zi-yi, YE Ke-zhuang, WU Jian
2015, 14(4): 60-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015087
[Abstract](1177) [PDF 1162KB](199)
Discussion on Planning and Design Strategies for Landscape Regeneration of Abandoned Coal Mine Land
GE Shu-hong, WANG Xiang-rong
2015, 14(4): 45-53.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015085
[Abstract](1097) [PDF 3069KB](146)
A Preliminary Study on the Timber Trade in Hunan Province During the Period of the Republic of China
HE Meng-zhu, LI Li
2016, 15(1): 29-33.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015035
[Abstract](1513) [PDF 995KB](235)