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Establishment Time:2002

CN 11-4740/C

ISSN 1671-6116

Supervisor: Beijing Forestry University

Sponsors by: Ministry of Education of the Republic of China

Articles in press have been peer-reviewed and accepted, which are not yet assigned to volumes /issues, but are citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
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A study on four dimensions of the political implication of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought
Wu Shou-rong, Cheng Xian-ya, Chen Yan
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021105
[Abstract](29) [FullText HTML](11) [PDF 561KB](1)
Xi Jinping's thought of ecological civilization is an important part of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, which contains rich political implications. The political implication of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought is mainly embodied in four dimensions: political direction, political power, political appeal and political thinking. Wu propose that socialism with Chinese characteristics is the distinct political direction of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, that the leadership of the Communist Party is the highest political force of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, and that national ecological security is the fundamental political appeal of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought. Bottom line thinking is the prominent political thinking of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought.
A Study of Shen Guofang's academic thought of ecological conservation and construction
YANG Jin-rong, YAN Geng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021056
[Abstract](43) [FullText HTML](12) [PDF 653KB](2)
China's social and economic development has entered a new era, with increased attention from all walks of life on the ecological environment, and the systematic research on ecological protection and construction has been also gradually strengthened. As one of the key members of a series of national think tanks and Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, Professor Shen Guofang has carried out theoretical research and policy consultation in the fields of forestry, ecology and environment for a long time. He believes that ecological conservation and construction should be based on the harmonious development of human and nature, conform to the objective law of development as well as China's own characteristics, integrate the measures of ecological protection and construction, and implement classified policies for natural ecosystem and artificial ecosystem. These new theories have been applied to the major policy-making, major project implementation, and international exchange and cooperation in the field of ecology and environment in China.
Veered legal principle, renewed rules and unsolved challenges of the new Forest Law
Wei Hua
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021127
[Abstract](18) [FullText HTML](10) [PDF 553KB](3)
Forest Law has been amended in 2019, and enforced in 2020. This paper applied document study method to contrast the two Laws in legislation idea and concrete systems. The study has found that, the new Forest Law had changed ecological view. The old Forest Law attached importance to the ecological values of trees, e.g., preserving water and soil, adjusting climate; and the new Law pay attention to the value of protecting wildlife resources as forest ecosystem. The rules of new Law had been reformed, established comprehensive ecological protection measures, solidified forestry reform efforts in 20 years, and solved problems puzzled forestry practice for a long time.The study result shows that the new law also has old problems and new challenges need to be solved in the future, such as defining the forest right, linking up of cutting quota and forest management plan, the challenges of cutting management, and difficulties of forestry enforcement.
From Deforestation to Afforestation: The Evolution of Forestry Policy in Miao Regions in the Period of Yongzheng and Qianlong: In Case of Hunan and Guizhou Provinces
SUN Ze-chen
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021046
[Abstract](87) [FullText HTML](40) [PDF 536KB](12)
In the Qing dynasty, the formulation and implementation of forestry policies were influenced considerably by political, economic and other factors at the time, and showed discrepancy in different stages. In the period of Yongzheng and Qianlong, there were differences in official attitude towards local mountain forests in the course of development and construction of Miao regions in Hunan and Guizhou Provinces. The central government and local governors had different interests, and different policies and ideas were thus formed produced out of different administrative demands. As the direct sector responsible for the management of Miao regions, the local government was most sensitive to various threats to mountain forests, and thereby put forward suggestions of deforestation. However, in order to promote the national economic recovery, the central government required all provinces to implement forest planting policies. The reality of poverty in Miao regions also forced the local government to expand the source of profits through afforestation. The two factors jointly promoted the transformation of forestry policies in Miao regions.
ZhuXi and the Development of Confucian Environmental Virtue Ethics
Yang Sheng-liang
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021155
[Abstract](11) [FullText HTML](7) [PDF 589KB](0)
The main purpose of Zhu Xi's theory is to cultivate oneself and perfecthis morality. Zhu Xi believed that the moral care for animals, insects, plants and others’ life was related to the cultivation of human virtues. Zhu Xi reformed the Confucian thoughts of “becoming oneself” and “becoming things”, and held that the cultivation method of Confucianism — to seek knowledge from things means starting from their own nature, following cognizant principles of the out-things, “acting according to their principles” and combining internal and external principles, “cutting Yang (exposed to the sun) wood in mid-summer, cutting Yin (shady) wood in mid-winter”, “Don’t cut a tree and kill an animal when it’s not the right time”, carrying out “time prohibition” and following the Confucian environmental ethics. Zhu Xi believed that saints helped the heaven to realize the function of “Let life be born” and “Let life grow”. From the perspective of self-cultivation and self-improvement, Zhu Xi transformed and integrated the traditional Confucian environmental politics and moral thought, and formed a complete Confucian environmental virtue ethics.
On the custom about planting pines and cypresses in cemeteries in ancient China and its cultural connotation of funeral: And talking about the existing “the earliest picture of pines and cypresses planted in the cemetery” in China
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021066
[Abstract](17) [FullText HTML](4) [PDF 858KB](0)
The custom of planting pines and cypresses in cemeteries in China has a long history. Through identification, it is confirmed that the cell picture on the right side of the funeral carving of the sarcophagus in Han dynasty in the Gounan Village of Weishan island, Weishan County, Shandong Province is the existing “the earliest picture of pines and cypresses planted in the cemetery” in China. The custom has been continuously developed and perfected in the process practiced by people of past ages. Relying on morality and law, the pines and cypresses planted in cemeteries were well protected and managed in ancient China. Because of many practical functions such as greening the environment of cemeteries , the pines and cypresses became the first choice and alternative name of the “Tomb Trees” in ancient China. In the long-term practice of Chinese ancestors, the cultural connotation contained in the funeral custom has become increasingly rich. In ancient China, The pines and cypresses planted in the cemeteries not only contained the ancient people’s multiple ideas about the world after death, such as the expectation of becoming immortal after death, the hope of eternal soul in cemeteries and the fear of ghost from the underground world, but also demonstrated the family affection of filial sons to the deceased, and also expressed the Filial Piety culture of Confucianism. As a traditional funeral culture which has been inherited for more than 2000 years, the excellent custom is still upheld by Chinese today.
On Callicott's Defense of Earth Ethics: Based on the Understanding of the Unity of Worldview and Values
YU Huai-long
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021152
[Abstract](12) [FullText HTML](4) [PDF 582KB](1)
John Baird Callicott is an important successor and interpreter of earth ethics, and provides the theoretical basis for earth ethics as a rigorous philosophical theory. Although scholars at home and abroad have made in-depth research on Callicott's environmental ethics from various angles, they have not explored the fundamental theoretical premise of Callicott, that is, the unity of worldview and values. Moreover, based on the fundamental theoretical premise of the unity of worldview and values did Callicott explain and defend the earth ethics. In order to make up for the research gap in academic circles, this paper analyzes the point of the unity of worldview and values in Callicott's environmental ethics, and explores how it can be used as the theoretical premise of Callicott to explain and defend the earth ethics.
The Dilemma and Reconstruction of the Symbiotic Justice Between Man and Nature
ZHANG Tao, XU Hai-hong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021151
[Abstract](31) [FullText HTML](11) [PDF 530KB](1027)
The study of the justice of symbiosis between man and nature in ecological ethics certred on with "man" or "nature" is easy to fall into abstractionism. From the perspective of historical materialism, it is the practical requirement of promoting the harmonious co-existence between man and nature to realize the symbiotic justice between them in labor.Ecological labor is the key of justice between man and nature. Based on the symbiotic justice between man and nature in ecological practice, a comprehensive transformation, from "man" being the subject to "man and nature" being the mutual subject, from knowing man himself to knowing the life community between man and nature, and from abstract ethical regulations to ecological actions, is realized.Historical materialism narrated the reconstruction of the symbiotic justice between man and nature, which has theoretical significance and practical value for promoting the construction of socialist ecological civilization, realizing the green transformation of economic development and building a community with a shared future for the mankind.
Residents' Attitudes Towards Urban Ecosystem Protection and Its Influencing Factors: A Case Study in Daqing City, China
LI Lin, Zhang Tao, TIANZhi-wei
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021026
[Abstract](17) [FullText HTML](8) [PDF 563KB](1)
Based on the survey data on the residents' attitudes towards protection of urban ecosystem in Daqing City, Heilongjiang, we used the Logistic model to empirically analyze such attitudes and influencing factors infive urban areas and four surrounding cities and counties in Daqing City. The results show that the proportion of residents holding "necessary" attitudes towards urban ecosystem protection in Daqing City reached 86.7%. Education, preference for urban ecosystems, familiarity, and convenience for enjoying urban ecosystem services are four significant factors affecting residents' attitudes towards protection. Respondents in different regions have different major considerations in their attitudes towards urban ecosystem protection. For instance, the convenience of residents living in the cities and counties surrounding Daqing to enjoy Daqing's urban ecosystem services is the most significant factor, while for dwellers in Daqing's urban areas,their attitude is most affected by the degree of preference for the urban ecosystem of Daqing City.
Theoretical Analysis on the Construction of International Discourse Power of China’s Ecological Civilization
DU Bang, ZHANG Sheng-wang
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021020
[Abstract](236) [FullText HTML](140) [PDF 561KB](102)
International discourse power has always been the key point for sovereign states to express their demands and safeguard their own interests. In recent years, China’s outstanding performance in the field of ecological civilization development has been promoting the process of global ecological civilization reform, and also strengthening the right of speech in the field of international ecological civilization discourse. With more than 70 years’ development of the People’s Republic of China, China’s international discourse power of ecological civilization has changed greatly from accumulating China’s power to spreading China’s voice, from telling China’s story to expounding China’s claims. In order to build the international discourse power of China’s ecological civilization, it is necessary for the whole country to work together, official diplomacy and non-governmental diplomacy cooperate with each other, actively organize multinational and multilateral activities, and undertake the major task of world ecological development. Constructing the discourse power of China’s ecological civilization is of important theoretical and practical significance for consolidating the achievements of China’s ecological civilization development, building a discourse system of ecological civilization with Chinese characteristics, improving China’s position in international public opinion, and deeply participating in global environmental governance.
Why do "Benevolent People" Love Things: On Mencius' Ecological Virtue Ethics
WANG Ji-chuang
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021158
[Abstract](58) [FullText HTML](8) [PDF 515KB](12)
Different from modern normative ethics, Chinese traditional virtue ethics takes the questioning of human being's ontology as its logical starting point, seeks to answer the question of "what is a good life", takes the moral subject's outstanding character as the foundation of the legitimacy of moral behavior, and focuses on the cultivation of moral actor's inherent virtue and the unity of knowledge and practice of moral behavior. Mencius built the foundation of ecological virtue with the excellent character of "Can't be hard-hearted to others", put forward the expansion of ecological virtue of "Benevolence Causes Affection", and called for the simultaneous development of "time support" and "saving use", so as to realize the unity of knowledge and practice of ecological man. This means that the moral practical wisdom of Chinese traditional ecological ethics from the inside out has the manifestation and theoretical characteristics of ecological virtue ethics.
The Current Situation and Trend of the Research on Marx and Engels' Ecological Philosophy in the Past 30 Years
CAO Shun-xian, ZHANG Jin-song
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021156
[Abstract](38) [FullText HTML](11) [PDF 618KB](4)
The study of Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy began in the 1990s, After the 18th Congress of the Communist Party of China, it has entered the innovative development stage of social practice. At present, there is a demand and trend to carry out systematic and constructive academic research. Through the aspect of the conceptual category of "exploration and interpretation of ecological philosophy in Marx and Engels' classic texts", "deconstruction and innovation of ecological philosophy of Marx and Engels' classical theory", "sinicization and modernization of Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy" and "tracing study and judgment on the study of Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy abroad", this article provides a necessary ideological basis for global environmental governance and ecological civilization construction. However, facing the challenges of various social thoughts and the needs of green development, Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy needs to be studied in three aspects. Firstly, research on the definition and innovation of concept category based on the distinction between name and reality. Secondly, a systematic and penetrating theoretical study based on the "differentiation of source and source", thirdly, a study of Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy from a global perspective. There are also four ways to strengthen and develop it. Firstly, strengthen the depth and breadth of text interpretation by "Rereading Marx", The second is to strengthen the systematic study of Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy. Thirdly, expand and deepen the research of Marx and Engels' ecological philosophy abroad. Fourthly, adhere to problem orientation.
The Development History of Engels' Thought on the Relationship between Human and Nature and It's Contemporary Enlightenment
Xiu Huishuang, Yang Zhihua
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021144
[Abstract](52) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 572KB](1)
Engels' theoretical texts contain the discussion of the relationship between human and nature in different periods and show a clear development history. In the early period, Engels broke through the tradition of Pietism and endowed man and nature with independent status. In the middle period, he transcended mechanical materialism and idealism and used dialectical materialism and historical materialism to understand the relationship between human and nature. In the late period, based on the development of natural science and from the broad vision of anthropology, his understanding of the relationship between human and nature was enriched and expanded. The development history of Engels' though, not only in individual aspect, but also in mankind thinking sense, has important enlightenment, which is we should avoid mysticist, idealist, mechanical materialist and metaphysical understanding on the relationship between human and nature again, and further expand and deepen our understanding on the relationship between human and natureon the basis of Engels' thought. Xi Jinping's discourse that human and nature are a community of life is a model of inheriting and developing Engels' thought on the relationship between human and nature.
Focus on Chinese Forest Problems by westernSociologists and Their Influences in the Early Modern Times
LIU Liang
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021065
[Abstract](26) [FullText HTML](15) [PDF 760KB](1)
Arthur H. Smith, J. W. Bashford, E. T. C. Werner, E. A. Rossand Sidney D. Gamblearefamouswestern scholars, who observed Chinese forestry problemsbesides naturalists, botany collectors and foresters, engineers. They are in transition position between these two groups.Unlike naturalists who generally describe the nature and humanities they see along the way, and scientists who mainly focus on the process of changes in the natural environment causing by deforestation, sociologists analyze Chinese forest problems and the impact of fuel scarcity on people's character, production and life by observing how ordinary Chinese adjust their production and lifestyles to adapt to the environment. They also draft a set of measures to solve China's forest problems. These ideas became the blueprint for Western foresters, engineers and other groups working in China and even the US government to carry out research and cooperation in China, and set the stage for Sino-US cooperation in disaster relief and agriculture-forestry in modern times.
Leisure, Labor and Their Relations: a Criticism of Baudrillard's View of Leisure
SUN Xu-yang, YAN Geng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021081
[Abstract](100) [FullText HTML](31) [PDF 480KB](110)
Following the dichotomy of western traditional leisure philosophy, Baudrillard defined leisure as free time outside labor. On that basis, he clarified the equal domination of commodity logic over labor and leisure time from the time scarcity of consumer society. Then he came to the conclusion that in fact leisure time is not free, and thus fell into the despair to modern leisure. Behind this pessimistic attitude lies Baudrillard's misinterpretation of leisure, labor and the relationship between them. To avoid this tragedy of leisure it is not only necessary to correctly understand labor, leisure and their unified relations in theory, but also essential to facilitate the interaction of labor and leisure and to realize the integration of them in practice.
Research progress of non-timber forest products and rural poverty alleviation
SUN Qi-feng, WU Lian-cui
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020202
[Abstract](95) [FullText HTML](42) [PDF 502KB](8)
The outstanding economic, social and ecological benefits of non-timber forest products in poverty alleviation in impoverished mountainous areas and growth in farmers’ income have been the focus of domestic and foreign scholars in recent years. On the basis of the definition of the concept of “non-timber forest products”, through reviewing and sorting out the literature, this paper summarizes the existing research results from the following aspects: the behavioral characteristics of farmers in the production and management of non-timber forest products, the important role of non-timber forest products and the contribution of non-timber forest products to farmers' income growth and rural poverty alleviation. And then the existing improvement space and possible research trends are briefly reviewed and prospected in terms of perspective, content and methods of existing research, aimed at providing reference for further improving the relevant research on “non-timber forest products and rural poverty alleviation”.
Optimization path of county Level Industries under the Background of National Park Establishing: A Case Study of Baoxing County, Sichuan Province
CHEN Ya-ru, ZHANG Qian, YAN Zhong-cheng, WEI Feng
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021100
[Abstract](145) [FullText HTML](56) [PDF 821KB](7)
Under the background of establishing the protected natural area system with national parks as the main body, it is urgent to deal with the balance between the scientific protection of natural ecosystems and the economic development of surrounding communities. Taking the county industry development as the research object, we took Baoxing County, Sichuan Province, a typical county in the Giant Panda National Park, as an example to analyze the impact of national park establishment on the economic development and farmers’ livelihood in the county, then proposed the optimization path of county level industries and policy advices. Results showed that the industries highly dependent on the natural resources would be replaced by ecological agriculture with recycle system and ecological tourism, natural education and so on. We suggest that policy supports should be focused on optimizing the policy environment, improving coordinate mechanism, enhancing infrastructure, increasing investment and financial support and providing technical guidance.
Ecological Civilization
The Practical Exploration and Basic Experience of Ecological Environment Development since the Founding of the People's Republic of China
WEI Hui, GONG Qian-wen
2021, 20(3): 1-9.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021016
[Abstract](169) [FullText HTML](68) [PDF 608KB](18)
The development of ecological environment is a top priority for the sustainable development of China. Based on the main achievements and important measures of ecological environment development since the founding of the People's Republic of China (the P.R.C.), the basic experience and future prospect of ecological environment development are explored. Since the founding of the P.R.C., a series of significant achievements has been made in China, including the rise of the ecological environment development from the "government consciousness" to the "state will", the improvement of supervision mechanism and the enhancement of supervision ability, the formation of mutual promotion system between ecological environment protection and development, the preliminary complement of framework of national ecological security defense and the improvement of guarantee ability, the achievement of environment management, and the promotion of human settlement, and so on. The achievement of China's ecological environment development has benefited from the implementation of the top-level design and system-building, the collaboration of government-led and multi-element co-treatment, the combination of engineering measures and biological measures, and the co-treatment of urban and rural human settlement. In the process of ecological environment development, some basic experience has been concluded, such as the equality of ecological environment conservation and productivity protection, the precedence of long-term development over short-term interests and the importance of universal participation to ecological environment development. Opportunities and challenges coexist in the development of ecological environment in the new period. To continue to promote the development of ecological environment in China, the green concept should be established in the green production and green life, the national ecological environment should be implemented as a whole by constructing the F.A.S.T. and the whole society should be guided to participate in the development of ecological environment by strengthening behavioral consciousness.
Forest Culture
Distribution Changes of a Rare Tree Species, Mesua ferrea, in Guangdong in Ming and Qing Dynasties
HUANG Guo-sheng, ZHONG Hai-yan
2021, 20(3): 10-16.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021011
[Abstract](308) [FullText HTML](174) [PDF 697KB](111)
Mesua ferrea , one of the rare tree species unique to tropical rain forests, has always been regarded as an important forest resource because of its excellent material. It has been widely used in the manufacture of "Guangdong ships" because of its "hard" texture. Historically, M. ferrea was widely distributed in Guangdong, especially in the western mountainous area of Guangdong Province. It is also found in northern Guangdong and the Pearl River Delta. But in eastern Guangdong, there are almost no M. ferrea distributed around the east of longitude 115°. Since the middle of the 16th century, the quantity and grade of M. ferrea in Guangdong have been gradually declining. Due to the logging caused by the social demand such as shipbuilding, construction, furniture making and imperial wood purchasing, the high quality resources of live M. ferrea have been sharply reduced. After the 18th century, the destruction of habitat and the disappearance of suitable forest land caused by large-scale mountain development are the fundamental reasons for the depletion of M. ferrea in Guangdong area.
Ecology and Environment
An Innovative Path of Intergrowth of Cities and Nature: Inspirations from London National Park City
ZHONG Le, ZHANG Zheng, ZHANG Jing-ya
2021, 20(3): 17-23.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021089
[Abstract](148) [FullText HTML](59) [PDF 700KB](24)
The prosperous practice of London as a National Park City serves as a crucial reference to the conservation of ecological space in China. This article illustrates the basic connotation of National Park City and soundly reviews the campaign and practice in London, from which the similarities and differences among the definition of National Park City, National Park and Park City are analyzed. This research further points out that the essence of National Park City is a completely innovative model of coexistence between mankind and nature. Conclusively, the inspirations and lessons for China's National Park movement are showcased from four aspects, i.e., extensive public participation, transition in the conception of value, focus on the wilderness and wildlife welfare and a better reconnection between man and nature.
Exploration on Changing of Urban Planning Thoughts of China from the Perspective of Landscape Aesthetics
LIN Yu-chen, LUO Tao, ZHANG Xue-wei
2021, 20(3): 24-31.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020113
[Abstract](124) [FullText HTML](78) [PDF 1706KB](13)
Planning thought is the forerunner of planning decision behavior, and the planning decision under the specific historical background reflects the aesthetic cognition at that time. To carry out a diachronic study of the behavior of planning decision-making and to analyze the essence of aesthetic thoughts contained in the evolution of urban planning thoughts is helpful to clarify the relationship between aesthetic thoughts and planning decision-making behaviors. Based on the theory of landscape (environmental) aesthetics, this paper analyzes the typical urban planning decision-making behaviors in the three periods of ancient China (before 1840), modern China (from 1840 to 1949) and after the founding of the People's Republic of China (after 1949), and interprets the thinking driving characteristics behind urban planning thoughts. It is clear that one of the reasons for the current urban homogenization lies in the weakening of traditional symbolic aesthetics in planning thoughts and the restriction of immature culture. The research aims to provide a new perspective and direction for the inheritance of urban planning ideas under the new normal.
Landscape Techniques of Cooling Design Practice in the Extremely Hot Environment
ZHANG Zhe-ming, ZHANG Min-xia, BAO Qin-Xing
2021, 20(3): 32-43.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021059
[Abstract](117) [FullText HTML](58) [PDF 1392KB](7)
Nowadays, the global climate change is affecting many aspects of construction projects in the extremely hot environment. And cooling design has become an important direction in the field of climate adaptation design. However, it is disjointed between cooling design practice and related theoretical research. This paper aims to collect relevant first-line cooling design construction projects in extremely hot environment from the perspective of landscape architecture designers. Besides, this paper also sorts out and analyzes the landscape techniques of cooling design in the landscape architecture designers' cognition, which includes the intervention of landscape architecture influence in many construction fields on the wall of buildings, building platform space, building space interior and open urban space. Through the research, it is found that the relevant cooling design construction projects involve the landscape architecture design and creation of shade, humidity, water and ventilation to varying degrees. This study is of great significance for relevant scholars to understand the cognition and practice of cooling design of fist-line landscape architecture designers in practice, and it provides experience and enlightenment for future related cooling design construction projects for landscape architecture designers.
Marketing Strategy of Resort Based on Tourist Perceived Value: A Case Study of Naked Stables in Zhejiang Province
HE Yu-xuan, WANG Meng-qiao, WU En
2021, 20(3): 44-53.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021035
[Abstract](187) [FullText HTML](73) [PDF 1006KB](19)
At present, there is a structural contradiction in Chinese leisure vacation industry. How to enhance the appeal of the resort has become the key to solve this problem. It is an important way to enhance the attractiveness of resort by evaluating the tourist perceived value and then conducting marketing strategy research on resorts. This paper analyzes the changes of multiple dimensions of perceived value of 825 participants before and after receiving the stimulation of marketing materials by the quasi-experimental method. The results show that marketing materials can significantly affect every dimension of the perceived value. Among them, the perception differences of the functional value, service value, emotional value, monetary cost, and non-monetary cost are the most obvious. At the same time, we compares the importance of each perceived value and perceived performance with the IPA analysis method. It is found that environment and service are the most important factors for potential tourists, and the environment and facility perception of the case site perform best. Based on the above conclusions, this paper proposes corresponding countermeasures from three aspects of precision marketing, optimization of marketing content and promotion of marketing strategy.
Primary Research on the Masters, Their Family, Native Place and Landscape of Puyuan Garden in Qing Dynasty in Yizheng, Jiangsu Province
WANG Jian-wen, DENG Gui-an, LIU Ling-fei, WU Chen, FU Jun
2021, 20(3): 54-57.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020071
[Abstract](148) [FullText HTML](126) [PDF 497KB](176)
Puyuan was a famous garden in Qing Dynasty located at the northern hills of Yizheng County, Jiangsu Province. As the documents of this garden in the county annals were brief, the information of its master is scarce. The aim of this article is to explore the information of its master by textual research, such as the family, the native place, as well as the landscape of this garden. The results show: the master of the garden came from a family with a family name of Ba from Yuliang Town, Shexian County, Anhui Province. The Ba's family has a linear genealogy. The Ba's family in Yizheng had the same ancestor as that in Dongtai. The first generation who came to Yizheng to engage in salt business was called Ba Yuan-huang, and his son was named Ba Shu-bao who made a big fortune with painstaking efforts. Ba Guang-hao, Ba Guang-kui and Ba Yan-nong, as Ba Shu-bao’s three sons, built the Puyuan garden and became the first generation masters, while Ba Tang-xin, Ba Tang-bing and Ba Tang-jun were the second generation masters. The landscape of Puyuan was magnificent, and its site was in countryside, with hills in the north and a river in the south. Trees and weeds were flourish and the river water were clear. It had a large area with a lot of scenic spots, of which 43 were named by poets. A huge rockery was built in the garden, at the top of which people can view the Yangtze River. There were 18 suites, and people could get lost in them. There were 64 tablets with calligraphy of celebrates from different dynasties of China, and 16 tablets of scenic spot poems. The garden was regarded as the first famous garden in the south of Huaihe river.
Theories and Policies of Agricultural and Forestry Economics
Main Regulation Services and Value Assessment of Shrub Ecosystem in China
HU Xiong-jiao, SONG Chang-su, FAN Xin-yue, XIAO Yi, XU Wei-hua, OUYANG Zhi-yun
2021, 20(3): 58-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021073
[Abstract](170) [FullText HTML](94) [PDF 2109KB](105)
Ecosystem service is an important index to assess the status and change of ecosystem, which can provide the basis for effective protection and scientific utilization of ecosystem services. Assessment of ecosystem service value is fundamental for understanding the ecological value and promoting value transformation from clear water and green mountains to gold and silver mountains. Based on the data from "National Assessment on Ecosystem Changes Between 2010 and 2015" and methods in Technical Guidelines for Terrestrial Ecosystem Gross Product (GEP) Accounting, four regulation services and value of China's shrub ecosystem in 2015 was assessed. The results show that the total services quantity is 1652.89 billion cubic meters for water conservation, 267.33 billion tons for soil conservation, 22.10 billion tons for sandstorm prevention, and 1289.96 million tons for carbon sequestration. The total service value is 22388.15 billion yuan, with the descending order of water conservation, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, and sandstorm prevention. On the national scale, the service value is higher in west than in east, and higher in south than in north. The provinces with the highest service values are concentrated in the southwest.
The Multi-agent Collaborative Model of Regional Brand of Forest Food Under the Background of Rural Revitalization
GAO Lei, REN Yuan-biao, WANG Tie-long, SONG Wei-ming
2021, 20(3): 65-72.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020188
[Abstract](164) [FullText HTML](51) [PDF 758KB](23)
We selected ten sample subjects as the research object, and adopted the three-stage coding procedure based on the theoretical research method to analyze the factors influencing multi-agent collaboration of regional branding of forest food, and explore the model of multi-agent collaborative participation in regional branding of forest food.Our research shows that the regional brand of forest food comprises 9 main categories. The process of regional branding of forest food is the process of brand elements convergence and transmission, and the potential difference of brand elements resources among the subjects and the process of brand elements between the subjects provide possibility and impetus for the convergence of factors.There are two main forms of multi-agent collaborative model of regional branding of forest food, namely, the top-down principal-agent collaborative model led by the government and the bottom-up principal-agent collaborative model led by the market principal-agents represented by processing enterprises.
Economic Development of Relocated Communities for Poverty Alleviation in Guizhou Province: from the Perspective of Community Collective Development
DENG Zhen-zhu, ZHANG Jing-ran
2021, 20(3): 73-81.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021024
[Abstract](140) [FullText HTML](70) [PDF 835KB](8)
The rural revitalization is the top priority of the organic development of the domestic cycle. The follow-up development of relocation for poverty alleviation is a key part of rural revitalization; however, for various reasons, there is an urgent need to solve the problems of insufficient development and the risk of returning to poverty in the life and production of the people after relocation. Taking the collective economic development of relocated communities for poverty alleviation in Guizhou Province as an example, we introduce the situation of the relocation, and analyze the plights of residents in the relocated communities. From the perspective of the community collective development, an attempt was made to establish the specific framework and institutional mechanism of sustainable economic development of such communities, by using corporate governance and other means. We discuss the structure of community development in organization, management, share and benefit allocation, and analyze the relevant issues of community collective economic cooperatives and community farmers' professional cooperatives in community collective development. Then the paper clarifies the community collective development mechanism in income internalization, risk internalization, local employment, guarantee maximization whilst considering fairness, and puts forward new ideas for sustainable development in the era of relocation after resettlement in Guizhou.
Environmental and Ecological Psychology
The Effect of Horticultural Group Counseling on Pupils' Anxiety and Attention
ZHAN Lei, ZHOU Ying, JIANG Xin-hui, CHENG Ying-jie, ZHANG Ming-yu, YANG Zhi-hui
2021, 20(3): 82-92.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020089
[Abstract](272) [FullText HTML](75) [PDF 682KB](32)
Pupils have different degrees of anxiety and their attention level is relatively low due to restricted cognitive development. Horticultural therapy, as an ecological psychological treatment method, has a significant effect on anxiety and attention. There have been many experimental and clinical studies on horticultural therapy abroad, and a complete theoretical system has been established. However, few domestic scientists have relevant experiments and clinical reports. This study used both quantitative and qualitative analysis methods to explore the effect of horticultural therapy on pupils' anxiety and its internal mechanism. After analyzing the attention and anxiety of primary school students through the questionnaire survey, we designed horticultural group activities and explored its effect on improving primary school students' anxiety and attention. In addition, we also explored whether attention is the mediating variable. The results show that the primary school students do have anxiety and their attention level can significantly negatively predict anxiety. The anxiety level of the experimental group was significantly reduced and the attention level was significantly improved by participating horticultural activities. However, the mediating role of attention is not significant in the effect of the horticultural on anxiety. In qualitative analysis, we found that horticultural can also bring happy mood, relieve anxiety, improve problem-solving ability, improve attention and concentration, which is of great significance to mental health.
Education and Teaching Reform
Reconstructing the System of Employment Term Tasks for Secondary Colleges of Universities Under the Background of Educational Evaluation Reform in the New Era
JIANG Ying, ZHANG Shou-hong, HU Pan, NIE Li-ping, LIU Hong-wen
2021, 20(3): 93-98.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021161
[Abstract](103) [FullText HTML](49) [PDF 508KB](16)
Under the background of education evaluation reform in the new era, higher education should explore a way of education evaluation reform that has Chinese characteristics and conforms to China's national settings, and guides colleges and universities to serve the national strategic development. The implementation of education evaluation reform in colleges and universities is the cornerstone of the connotative development of higher education. Secondary colleges are at the leading edge (serving as the important frontier) for the implementation and promotion of education evaluation reform. This article focuses on the study of the system of employment term tasks for secondary colleges of universities and insists on the priority of moral education. The research intends to deepen the implementation of the new concept of evaluation, eliminate the shortcomings of the old system, explore the role of the employment term task system of promoting the value, structure, and function of educational evaluation, and analyze the difficulties in establishing the employment term task system. By initially building the framework of the employment terms and enriching the connotation of it, this article proposes a concept of "five balanced relations", which provides an effective way and reference for furthering the exploration of college education evaluation reform and the establishment of the system of employment term tasks.
The Dilemma and Reconstruction of the Symbiotic Justice Between Man and Nature
ZHANG Tao, XU Hai-hong
doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2021151
[Abstract](31) [FullText HTML](11) [PDF 530KB](11)
Sir William Chambers and His Perceptions of Traditional Chinese Gardens
CHEN Miao-miao, ZHU Xia-qing, GUO Yu-nan, WANG Xin
2014, 13(3): 44-49.  
[Abstract](1424) [PDF 6485KB](237)
National Park Management System in Spain and Its Implications
CHEN Jie, CHEN Shao-zhi, XU Bin
2014, 13(4): 50-54.  
[Abstract](998) [PDF 4792KB](213)
Research Progress and Methods on Western Camping Tourism, and Its Inspiration to China's Forest Tourism
NI Xin-xin, MA Ren-feng, WU Yang, ZHUANG Pei-jun
2015, 14(4): 23-32.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015050
[Abstract](2961) [PDF 1406KB](159)
Residents' Recreation Needs for Urban Green Space and Perception of Health Benefits: A Case Study of Urban Parks in Hangzhou City
2014, 13(2): 87-92.  
[Abstract](926) [PDF 1306KB](155)
Analysis of Consumers'Behavior of Purchasing Organic Fruits and Vegetables and Its Affecting Factors: Based on A Survey on Nanjing Urban Residents
HE Jing, SUN Ze-ping, XIE Yu, ZHANG Hua-ni
2015, 14(3): 63-68.  
[Abstract](799) [PDF 1062KB](140)
Historical Analysis of Herbaceous Peony as Symbol of Love in China
YU Xiao-nan, YUAN Qing-lei, HAO Li-hong
2014, 13(2): 26-31.  
[Abstract](962) [PDF 1277KB](181)
Current Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures of China's Rosin Market
DONG Jing-xi, LIU Zi-yuan, ZHANG Zi-yi, YE Ke-zhuang, WU Jian
2015, 14(4): 60-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015087
[Abstract](928) [PDF 1162KB](161)
Discussion on Planning and Design Strategies for Landscape Regeneration of Abandoned Coal Mine Land
GE Shu-hong, WANG Xiang-rong
2015, 14(4): 45-53.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015085
[Abstract](892) [PDF 3069KB](126)
A Preliminary Study on the Timber Trade in Hunan Province During the Period of the Republic of China
HE Meng-zhu, LI Li
2016, 15(1): 29-33.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015035
[Abstract](889) [PDF 995KB](147)