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Establishment Time:2002

CN 11-4740/C

ISSN 1671-6116

Supervisor: Beijing Forestry University

Sponsors by: Ministry of Education of the Republic of China

Articles in press have been peer-reviewed and accepted, which are not yet assigned to volumes /issues, but are citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
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The Pattern of “Integrating Art into Rural Tourism” from the Perspective of Yi-Fu Tuan’s Humanistic Geography
ZENG Ai-yiran, ZHANG Yin
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019074
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 0KB](0)
The involvement of art in rural tourism is one of the growing trends in rural tourism in China, and this phenomenon can be grouped into " Reconstructing the Local” activities. Therefore, the exploration into the integration pattern will contribute to the keeping and the building of the Sense of Place. Based on the theory of Yi-Fu Tuan’s Humanistic Geography, this paper builds a model of " Reconstructing the Environment” and classifies the art integration modes, puts forwardthe preliminary model of " Integrating Art into Rural Tourism”, and suggests the " Mode Performance Evaluation Form” in the context of integrating art into rural tourism. With Shangyuan Artist Village of Changping District, Beijing and Dadixiangju of Miyun District, Beijing as cases, two typically representative art integration modes, i.e., artist village and artistic village, are deeply explored to evaluate the performance of the modes. Questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and observational method are employed for the study. The research result shows that the mode of Artistic Village is grass-roots, stable, sustainable, and contributes positively to the rural revitalization, while the mode of Artist Village is weak, unstable, unsustainable yet still with some additional value, such as improving the attraction of rural tourism and balancing the tourism season. It is suggested that these two modes are actually complementary to each other, and a combination of two may serve as a better mode. Finally, based on the findings of the study, the paper traces back to the internal logic of the two typical cases, and attempts to proposea" resonance of art and village”practical development pattern of " Integrating Art into Rural Tourism”. With the deep exploration from three aspects of human-land relationship, owner’s intention and related subject relationship in the pattern, the paper works in concert with the ideal artistic reconstruction of rural communities.
The Ecological Culture of the Forestry-involved Inscriptions in Southwestern Guizhou in the Qing Dynasty
LIU Rong-kun
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019009
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 0KB](0)
In the middle and late Qing Dynasty, a large number of forestry-relevant inscriptions appeared in southwestern Guizhou, which not only reflected the tension between man and land in the region, but also showed the strong ecological consciousness of the regional residents. These forestry-related inscriptions contain profound ecological and cultural connotations, including ecological thoughts internalized in mind and ecological activities externalized in practice, which reveals the ancients' understanding of the importance of forests. At the same time, it shows the operability of the statute, which promotes the strong vitality of the statute, and then internalizes it into a fine tradition of protecting the ecology.
On the Perplexity of Ecological Ontology and Its Possible Resolution
GE Yong-lin, WU Jie, WANG Zhong-yi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019099
[Abstract](1) [FullText HTML](1) [PDF 0KB](0)
Becausethe definitions of thecore concepts and theories of ecology, such as community, ecosystem, etc., are operational, they are not clearly defined, which can easily lead to ambiguities and terminological confusion amongdifferent users and ecological situations.Meanwhile some ecological theories, for example, theories about community succession, ecological balance, diversity and stability, cannoteffectively realize the ontological commitment to these ecological entities, phenomena,and processes. There existeddivergencesbetween holism and reductionism, realism and anti-realism in ecology. A holon spanning all structural and functional levelsof the ecosystem, whose variable quantity and constant essential relationship between whole and part, may provide us with new enlightenment to solve the ecological ontological problems.
Impact of Forest Resources on Residents’ health: taking the main disease mortality as an example
JIA Yang-yang, GENG Jing-nan, WANG Lan-hui
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018229
[Abstract](12) [FullText HTML](5) [PDF 995KB](3)
Based on the related diseases mortality panel data of 30 regions in China, this paper probed intothe relation between mortality of eight chronic diseases and forest coverage by using ANOVA and panel regression. The result indicates that the higher the forest coverage, the lower the main diseases mortality:for every 1% increase in forest coverage, the lung cancer mortality decreases 11.4/100 000, and the breast cancermortality decreases 0.16/100 000, with the same tendency in other main deceases.The positive result implicates that forests may improve residents’ health.
Trade Potential of China’s Importation of Woody Forest Products from Countries along the Belt and Road Initiative
ZHANG Hui, HU Ming-xing
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019066
[Abstract](849) [FullText HTML](200) [PDF 650KB](1)
Countries along the Belt and Road Initiative are important import markets for Chinese woody forest products. On the basis of selecting indicators from the port efficiency, customs environment, regulatory environment, e-commerce, and financial services, we build a trade facilitation measurement index system using principal component analysis, and use random frontier gravitational models to explore the trade potential of China’s importation of logs, sawn timber, wood pulp, paper and paperboard from countries along the Belt and Road. The results show that China has a large trade potential for importing sawn timber, logs, paper and paperboard from countries along the route. The countries with large import potential for paper and paperboard are India, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey. The countries with high potential for wood pulp import are Austria, Poland, and Slovakia. The countries with high import potential of sawn timber are Austria, Poland, and Romania. The countries with large import potential of logs are Poland, Romania, and Slovakia. There exist differences in the factors that influence the import trade potential of different woody forest products. On the whole, product complementarity, CAFTA and APEC membership have greater impacts on the realization of the import trade potential of wood-based forest products.
Applicable Law of Forest Land Management Rights under the “Three Powers Separation”
GAO Peng-fang
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019005
[Abstract](124) [FullText HTML](55) [PDF 575KB](0)
The reason for establishing land management rights is that the transfer of family contract management rights is limited, and its purpose is to break the rural land transfer restrictions, increase the farmers’ property income, and help the development of modern agriculture. Land management rights, as an important part of the " three-power separation” policy, have been given real rights by the amended Rural Land Contracting Law of the People’s Republic of China. As an important part of agricultural land, woodland has its own unique characteristics. When applying the revised Rural Land Contracting Law of the People’s Republic of China, the land management right shall include the collective control of the mountain and the retention of the mountain, that is, the collective use of the mountain and the right to use the self-retained mountain may also create the management right of the forest through circulation. At the same time, in order to properly handle the conflict between the contractual management right and the forest land management right in the financing guarantee, and when the forest land management right that does not include forest ownership is mortgaged, the future mortgagee must assess the risk of realizing the mortgage right. In the relationship between forest land management rights and forest ownership, in general, forest ownership depends on forest land management rights, and the transfer of forest ownership must be carried out simultaneously with the transfer of forest land management rights. However, the management rights of forest land can also exist separately from the ownership of forest trees. For forests that are less dependent on forest land or have higher value of individual plants, they should acknowledge their independent forest ownership and further regulate the exercise of forest land management rights and forest ownership belonging to different entities.
Analysis of Farmers’ Preference for the Transfer of Forest Rights Based on the Selective Experiment Method
LIU Bing-xin, HE Chao
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018179
[Abstract](86) [FullText HTML](48) [PDF 601KB](1)
This study used the selective experiment method to analyze the preference and acceptance of 478 households in 10 sample counties in Liaoning Province for different transfer rights. The results show that: the price of forestland transfer, the number of forestry supportive policies, the degree of urban and rural social security coordination, the possibility of going out to work, the difficulty of being a city-dweller, and the degree of closure of resources utilization policies have significant impacts on farmers’ preference for forestry rights transfer, of which forestland is transferred out. The impacts of price, the number of forestry supportive policies, urban and rural social security planning, and the possibility of going out to work are positive, whilst the impacts of the difficulty of settling in the city and the degree of closure of resource utilization policies are negative. The forest land area per family, forestry subsidies and total household income significantly influencing the farmers’ preference for the transfer of forest rights, of which, the impact of household forestland area on farmers’ willingness to transfer forest rights is negative, whilst the impact of forestry subsidies and total household income is positive. It is suggested that, to promote farmers’ outflow of forest rights, related supporting policies should be improved, and we must coordinate the urban and rural welfare levels to protect the basic living and welfare of farmers.
Agricultural Heritage System Research from the Perspective of Landscape Architecture
GAO Kai, ZHANG Bao-wen, GAO Yang
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019052
[Abstract](111) [FullText HTML](45) [PDF 678KB](1)
The agricultural heritage system is a frontier research field of landscape architecture and has important research value while relevant researches are scare. Based on a systematic analysis of the concept and connotation of agricultural heritage system, we analyze its research and practical status. Then an in-depth study of agricultural heritage systems is carried out from the aspects of discipline research field, rural landscape construction, to harmonize the relationship between human and nature, cultural landscape and rural vitalization from the perspective of landscape architecture. Finally, the means of bridging landscape architecture and agricultural heritage systems are discussed from the aspects of exploration and utilization, guide significance. It is of great significance for the research of agricultural heritage systems and expanding the research field of landscape architecture from the aspects of agricultural heritage system.
Comparison of International Competitiveness of National Forest Products along the “Belt and Road”
PANG Xin-sheng, WANG Min
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018172
[Abstract](212) [FullText HTML](145) [PDF 608KB](3)
The distribution of forest resources in countries along the " Belt and Road”is not balanced, and the development level of forest products processing industry also varies largely. Only by referring to the actual situation of different countries, can the advantages of forest products trade within the region be complementary. In this way, an objective analysis of forest products production, trade, the status quo and pattern of nations in this region is of practical significance. Based on the database of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, this paper determines a series of international competiveness indexes of forest products, including production elements, demand conditions, market competition, management model of forest resources, higher forestry education, etc. To avoid excessive indexes and prevent duplicate information, the indexes which are strongly correlated are ruled out. On this basis we build a comprehensive and systematic international competitiveness evaluation index system of forest products, and 27 countries are selected as research object, which either have top trade amount of forest products along the Belt and Road or trade closely and frequently with China on forest products. The combination of technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) and rank sum ratio method (RSR) is used to explore the issue of forest products competitiveness in countries along the Belt and Road.
2019, 18(3).  
[Abstract](32) [FullText HTML](21) [PDF 278KB](3)
Forest Culture
Reflections on Prioritizing Forestry in Southeastern Half of China
FAN Bao-min
2019, 18(3): 1-6.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019055
[Abstract](374) [FullText HTML](270) [PDF 582KB](6)
Based on the basic national conditions and development laws, it is of great significance to take effective measures to promote the construction of ecological civilization. Through combing and reflecting on the changes of forests and ecological environment in China for thousands of years, the author has a deeper understanding that the climate drought and land desertification in the history of Northwest China could be attributed mainly by the large-scale reduction of forest and wetland resources in the southeastern half of China (SEHC). In the future, a large-scale increase of forests and wetlands in SEHC will be the fundamental way to promote the wetting of Northwest China and then benefit forestry and grassland. In order to achieve the long-term goal of forest country, it is an important step to give priority to forestation in SEHC. To this end, the idea of giving priority to forestation in SEHC, and the paths of agroforestry compound management, woody grain and oil strategy, Ginkgo industry, forest city and rural areas coordinated with food security, are put forward.
On the Forestry Works by SUN Zhang-ding in the Republic of China
NI Gen-jin
2019, 18(3): 7-13.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019021
[Abstract](397) [FullText HTML](209) [PDF 555KB](5)
Mr. SUN Zhang-ding (1899-1976), an expert in forestry in the Republic of China, had been engaged in teaching and research work in university and institutes, and he had also been devoted to forestry administration and technology promotion in forestry agencies. Especially, he took part in the forest resources inventory in the provinces of Sichuan, Hunan and Guizhou, and worked as local folk forestry supervisor in charge of the forestry construction in Hunan and Hubei provinces. He composed many research works. In the biography Mr. SUN Zhang-ding written by Mr. WANG Xi-zhong,16 of Mr. SUN’s works were listed. According to the newly-discovered manual scripture The Forestry Works by Mr. SUN Zhang-ding and by reviewing journals and newspapers in the Republic of China, I found that there were as many as 29 pieces of his works. In this paper, newly discovered books by Mr. SUN Zhang-ding are added to his list, and his works are introduced and evaluated.
Review of Two Monographs on China Forestry History by LING Fu-yuan
WANG Xi-qun
2019, 18(3): 14-18.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018063
[Abstract](152) [FullText HTML](59) [PDF 619KB](11)
History of Forestry Policy in Ancient China and Silvicultural Movements in China: Past, Present and Future are the two books on the history of ancient China’s forestry policy and silviculture by LING Fu-yuan. These two monographs are considered as the first works and important historical literatures on China’s forestry policy and silvicultural history. History of Forestry Policy in Ancient China was published for the first time in 1932 in Volumes 11 and 12 of the periodical Equality, and later included in LING Fuyuans Theses. It consists of 10 chapters, systematically discussing the forestry policy development from ancient China to the Qing Dynasty. Silvicultural Movements in China: Past, Present and Future was first released in 1945 by North China Afforestation Association, and then published in Cultural Yearbook (No. 2 in 1945). Consisting of six chapters, it recorded the afforestation activities in North China during the Japanese invasion, and is of important value for studying this period.
Things Being Connected with People’s Livelihood as the Leading Role: an Introduction to Mr. ZHAI Zhong-qi’s Academic Thoughts
2019, 18(3): 19-24.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018227
[Abstract](116) [FullText HTML](60) [PDF 562KB](3)
Mr. ZHAI Zhong-qi is a senior researcher in the field of forest economics and management. In particular, he has very high attainments in forestry regionalization and forest ecological economy. He is pragmatic, diligent and eager to learn, and emphasizes the regional industrial structure and layout of forest products industry, diversified forestry management and comprehensive development, the rational layout and zoning of forest resources, and so on, which are still of great guiding significance today. This paper systematically summarizes Mr. ZHAI Zhong-qi’s academic thoughts from the aspects of his academic characters, academic contribution and academic thoughts, so as to encourage future generations to inherit and learn, and understand his modesty, prudence, pursuit of truth and other characters from his academic experiences and thoughts, as well as to make better contributions to the academic inheritance and development of the discipline for forest economics and management.
Sources and Dissemination of Information about Chinese Deforestation in American President’s Annual Message to Congress in 1908
LIU Liang
2019, 18(3): 25-36.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018189
[Abstract](551) [FullText HTML](532) [PDF 1206KB](12)
On December 8th 1908, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt used a series of photos on forest destruction and soil erosion in northern China to address the significance of forests protection in his last message to the Congress and hoped that the United States would draw a lesson from China’s deforestation, and take further measures to protect the forest. The speech and the graphics used by it were quickly spread by Chinese and foreign scholars and became an important page in the modern Sino-US forestry exchange. So, what channel does the information about the forest situation in northern China come from? And why is it quickly spread by scholars? What is the path of dissemination? This dissemination process is elaborated in detail using a large number of original English documents and pictures in this paper.
A Research on the Ecological Protection Laws and Rescripts with the Practice During the Tang Dynasty
ZHOU Jing-yong, SHANG Jiang
2019, 18(3): 37-41.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019045
[Abstract](131) [FullText HTML](79) [PDF 535KB](0)
Many sources of the propositions about the ecological civilization building in China are based on the traditional Chinese culture and history. The Tang Dynasty was a prime stage in the traditional society, which was also an important period in the process of ecological environment evolution. In order to enrich the people’s livelihood and consolidate the dynasty, the emperors and the government issued many rescripts and laws, aiming to protect natural resources including water, wildlife, and vegetation,and these rescripts and laws were implemented in practice.This paper focuses on the field and content involved in the ecological protection rescripts and laws during the Tang Dynasty, clarifies their implementation, and summarizes their characteristics, in an attempt to provide reference for the current society.
Overview and Analysis on Suitable Lunar Month of Forest Harvesting in Ancient China
ZHANG De-cheng
2019, 18(3): 42-52.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019041
[Abstract](89) [FullText HTML](28) [PDF 769KB](0)
There were a lot of records on the taboos of forest harvesting lunar month in ancient China. In order to fully understand the ancient people’s understanding of those taboos and their ground, the relevant documents in the ancient literature were extracted and classified to analyze the ground of determining taboo months and distinguish whether each month is suitable for harvesting. According to the study, the factors that determine months of forest harvesting in ancient China are mainly time, anti-mite condition, guarantee of wood property, yin and yang reconciliation, ease of construction, and guarantee of regeneration. Different factors lead to varied claims of the month of harvesting. Many months are both suitable and unsuitable which makes the problem of determining the harvesting month more complex, reflecting the diversity and comprehensiveness of the ancients in forest harvesting. In general, the ancients believed that harvesting was prohibited from January to March in the lunar calendar, while there was a different view on whether it is suitable for harvesting from April to September. Bamboo can be harvested from June to July and wood is suitable for harvesting from October to December.
On the Divine Wood Culture in the Construction of Ming and Qing Royal Palace
REN Yan-qing, YAN Jing-juan
2019, 18(3): 53-57.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019048
[Abstract](121) [FullText HTML](43) [PDF 674KB](1)
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the imperial palace construction in Beijing promoted the large-scale acquisition of royal timber, which also left some miraculous stories. This paper introduces the origin of Shenmu (divine wood), and from the perspective of mountain worship and tree worship, analyses the cultural tradition behind the cultural phenomenon of Shenmu, and discusses the political and cultural significance of Shenmu worship combined with the social history of royal timber acquisition. This paper holds that the government of Ming and Qing dynasties advocated Shenmu, which embodied the cultural tradition of mountain forest worship, reflected the cultural psychology of utilizing, cherishing and thanking forest resources, promoted the construction of the Forbidden City, played the role of respecting imperial dignity and respecting imperial morality, and left a solemn and great architectural heritage of the Forbidden City of Beijing for future generations.
Preliminary Study of the Imperial Wood Factories in Beijing during the Ming and Qing Dynasties
SUN Xue, LI Shuang, LI Li
2019, 18(3): 58-62.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019083
[Abstract](111) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 527KB](2)
In the Ming and Qing dynasties, imperial wood procurement had a large scale and far-reaching influence. The imperial wood factory is an important transfer station in the process of the wood procurement. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, there were several such factories in Beijing, two at Tongzhou and Zhangjiawan, a Damu (Big Wood) Factory outside of Chongwenmen and a Shenmu (Divine Wood) Factory outside of Chaoyangmen. Taijichang and Shanxi Damu Factory where timber was stored were also used for turnover of royal timber. This paper further analyzes the influence and research significance of the setting of royal wood factories by combing the sources of imperial wood in Beijing in the Ming and Qing dynasties, the distribution and management of the factories, and the usage of the wood. We hold that the royal wood factories bear precious cultural memory, and they are conducive to displaying the charm of the grand canal, and promoting the construction of the grand canal culture belt through excavating the value of the canal.
On Yuan-li (Hedgerow) Culture of Ancient China
YIN Bei-zhi
2019, 18(3): 63-67.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019062
[Abstract](190) [FullText HTML](142) [PDF 640KB](1)
This paper mainly focuses on the culture of " Yuan-li (Hedgerow)”, which is the main form of separation and enclosure landscape elements constructed in the periphery of farm houses, gardens and farmland in ancient China, integrating the architectural function, landscape function and practical function. The materials, cultivation and management, landscaping techniques and practical functions of " Yuan-li (Hedgerow)” have been documented in detail in agricultural literatures of ancient China. Ancient agronomy scholars and intellectuals who cultivate themselves within the process of farming embody in the " Yuan-li (Hedgerow)” the pleasure of being close to nature, the virtue of diligence and pragmatism, and the spirit of being soft and not offensive. Handed-down traditional intellectuals and poems are studied in this paper by historical and technological analysis to explain the techniques and practical functions of rural farm hedgerows, as well as moral sentiment and aesthetic feelings of the ancients. It can be concluded that the " Yuan-li (Hedgerow)” culture in ancient Chinese gardens reflects the origin relations between ancient Chinese landscape art and farming culture, and embodies the beauty of respecting nature and a spirit of " benevolence”. The ecological principles of interaction and mutual support among species are combined with the beauty of human settlements, which has unique cultural value.
Ecology and Environment
Analysis of Philosophical Thoughts Contained in the Law of Ecosystems
2019, 18(3): 68-73.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018169
[Abstract](120) [FullText HTML](64) [PDF 522KB](10)
In order to understand the law of natural operation and form the philosophical epistemology of nature, so as to treat nature better and realize the ecological civilization of harmonious symbiosis between man and nature, this paper discusses the philosophical thoughts contained in the law of ecosystems. The interaction between organisms and environment, material circulation and energy flow, ecological balance and other ecological phenomena are addressed from the perspectives of Marx’s dialectical materialism and western environmental ethics. It is concluded that the wholeness of ecosystem is an important law of natural operation. Based on Spinoza’s monism of " God is nature” and the systematic holism thought of Smouze and Bethalenfi, this paper expounds the philosophical thoughts contained in ecological wholeness. Finally, the guiding significance of the philosophical thoughts contained in these ecosystem laws to the building of ecological civilization is put forward. That is, the cultural concept of ecological integrity should be shaped; " Nature”, which exists in the form of ecosystem, has two roles, i.e., both as resources and environment. Strengthening the body and making good use of it is an important path of building ecological civilization.
The Pathways to Civil Ecological Literacy
LIN Shi-yu, CAI Jun
2019, 18(3): 74-79.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018204
[Abstract](60) [FullText HTML](42) [PDF 658KB](2)
For the purpose of understanding citizens’ ecological literacy under the background of formal and informal environmental education,we conducted a questionnaire survey among both primary school students and adults visiting the protected area in order to figure out the level of their ecological literacy by analyzing the factors influencing it using correlation analysis. The results showed that the ecological literacy level of primary school students was slightly higher than that of adults, especially in ecological knowledge. The classroom education in schools is the most important way for students to develop their ecological literacy, while the environmental education outdoors is the most important approach for adults. It is also found that the outdoor environmental education is more beneficial to cultivating civil ecological literacy and should therefore be advocated.
Reflections on the Urban Ecological Landscape Design of Beijing from the Perspective of Context to Place
CUI Xiao-long, GUO Yu
2019, 18(3): 80-85.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018132
[Abstract](111) [FullText HTML](64) [PDF 670KB](4)
Beijing is a city with a long history and cultural heritage, and it is transforming from " a local society” to " a civil society”. As the process of urbanization accelerates, the ecological outlook and cultural outlook of the city have undergone tremendous changes. People’s sense of identity and sense of belonging to the rapidly developing Beijing are declining, and the current urban ecological landscape design of Beijing has been unable to meet the growing people’s demand for culture and aesthetics. " Context to place” provides people with a new perspective to explore the ecological, historical, artistic, and humanistic urban ecological landscape. Through the integration of traditional aesthetic thought of " artistic conception”, we try to resolve social anxiety, so that people can regain the humanistic feelings rooted in their hearts, and increase people’s sense of acquisition. In this paper, we explore the development path of how to turn Beijing into a green, beautiful and humanistic eco-city in the new era.
Research of Cool Scenery in West Lake of Hangzhou Based on the Local Climate
ZHANG Min-xia, SONG Tian-tian, MEI Dan-ying, YE Dan, BAO Qin-xing
2019, 18(3): 86-90.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019082
[Abstract](81) [FullText HTML](21) [PDF 911KB](2)
Hangzhou has been very hot in summer ever since ancient times. Ancient people looked for good places around the West Lake to escape the summer heat and built pavilions on them, which gradually developed into famous summer resorts. In recent years, Hangzhou was listed as one of the cities with the highest summer temperature in China, so the outdoor tour experience in summer needs to be improved urgently. Fortunately, most of the famous traditional scenic spots in the West Lake area still have prominent cooling effect and provide relatively comfortable outdoor activity space. Therefore, it is of great significance to research and sort out the cooling features. In this study, based on literature research and on-the-spot investigation, we try to quantitatively evaluate the cooling effect of the traditional summer resorts of the West Lake by measuring the sample points. The paper points out that these traditional summer resorts have prominent spatial merits such as being located in mountain forest, with big tree canopy, rich cooling sources and appropriate scale. The conclusion can help to improve the safety and comfort of summer outdoor environment of the West Lake, a cultural landscape of the world heritage, and provide reference for the summary of the cooling wisdom of traditional gardens in the south of the Yangtze river.
Forest Healthcare: Origin, Opportunities and Challenges
HANG Xue-li, ZHANG Lei
2019, 18(3): 91-96.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2018218
[Abstract](113) [FullText HTML](40) [PDF 567KB](4)
As a new type of industry that is reflective and adaptable to modernity, forest healthcare has received extensive attentions in terms of national policy concerns and practice from all walks of life. In China, especially during the transitional period, forest healthcare is embracing unprecedented development opportunities: fitting in with the strategic requirements of rural revitalization, conforming to policy trends with green development, and implementing the strategic practice of healthy China. Even so, as a rising industrial model, forest healthcare still faces many challenges in terms of infrastructure construction, institutional norm, supply of talents and policy mechanism.
Research on Establishing National Parks
Problems and Management Issues on National Park Legislation in China
YAN Yan, TANG Fang-lin
2019, 18(3): 97-101.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019036
[Abstract](111) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 452KB](2)
Legislation is the key mission in the Master Plan of Establishing National Park System. The 13th National People’s Congress categorized the National Park Law as a second class of legislation plan. In 2018, China officially launched the legislation of national parks, and has made a preliminary progress. This paper analyses the significance of national park legislation in China and the situation of national park legislation at home and abroad. The results show that China’s national park legislation is faced with such problems as the lack of in-depth research, the need to clarify the relationship between national park legislation and the legislation of natural protected areas, and the lack of social participation. Based on the current situation of natural park legislation, this paper puts forward some suggestions for speeding up process of law making, including setting up integrated thinking, carrying out in-depth investigation and research, timely pilot work evaluation and establishing a legislative working mechanism in accordance with statutory authority and procedures. This paper holds that the National Park Law and a series of policies and systems are one of the main tasks and important achievements of the pilot work of the national park system, which will guarantee the construction and national park management on the right track. China’s conditions of national park legislation have been reached, and the country should quickly promote and strive to issue the legislation as soon as possible after the end of the national park system pilot in 2020, in order to truly realize the unified, standardized and efficient management of national parks.
National Park Management System in Spain and Its Implications
CHEN Jie, CHEN Shao-zhi, XU Bin
2014, 13(4): 50-54.  
[Abstract](244) [PDF 4792KB](13)
Sir William Chambers and His Perceptions of Traditional Chinese Gardens
CHEN Miao-miao, ZHU Xia-qing, GUO Yu-nan, WANG Xin
2014, 13(3): 44-49.  
[Abstract](491) [PDF 6485KB](12)
Research Progress and Methods on Western Camping Tourism, and Its Inspiration to China's Forest Tourism
NI Xin-xin, MA Ren-feng, WU Yang, ZHUANG Pei-jun
2015, 14(4): 23-32.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015050
[Abstract](290) [PDF 1406KB](7)
Residents' Recreation Needs for Urban Green Space and Perception of Health Benefits: A Case Study of Urban Parks in Hangzhou City
2014, 13(2): 87-92.  
[Abstract](354) [PDF 1306KB](7)
Analysis of Consumers'Behavior of Purchasing Organic Fruits and Vegetables and Its Affecting Factors: Based on A Survey on Nanjing Urban Residents
HE Jing, SUN Ze-ping, XIE Yu, ZHANG Hua-ni
2015, 14(3): 63-68.  
[Abstract](206) [PDF 1061KB](13)
Historical Analysis of Herbaceous Peony as Symbol of Love in China
YU Xiao-nan, YUAN Qing-lei, HAO Li-hong
2014, 13(2): 26-31.  
[Abstract](327) [PDF 1276KB](12)
Current Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures of China's Rosin Market
DONG Jing-xi, LIU Zi-yuan, ZHANG Zi-yi, YE Ke-zhuang, WU Jian
2015, 14(4): 60-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015087
[Abstract](286) [PDF 1162KB](6)
A Preliminary Study on the Timber Trade in Hunan Province During the Period of the Republic of China
HE Meng-zhu, LI Li
2016, 15(1): 29-33.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015035
[Abstract](233) [PDF 994KB](8)
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