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Establishment Time:2002

CN 11-4740/C

ISSN 1671-6116

Supervisor: Beijing Forestry University

Sponsors by: Ministry of Education of the Republic of China

Articles in press have been peer-reviewed and accepted, which are not yet assigned to volumes /issues, but are citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
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The Development and Prospect of China’s Ecological Education
PENG Ni-ya, AN Li-zhe
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019193
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML](16) [PDF 544KB](1)
During the past 70 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, ecological education has experienced five typical stages. At present, ecological education has been written into the national education development plan and incorporated into the school education system. The major of ecology in higher education has been upgraded to a first-level discipline, and the penetration of sustainable ecology and landscape ecology in the secondary discipline has been continuously strengthened in the social and economic fields. Eco-environmental public welfare organizations have flourished and the public’s ecological awareness has continuously improved. China’s ecological education has entered a new stage in the sense of depth and breadth. Under the guidance of XI Jin-ping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and XI Jin-ping’s ecological civilization thoughts, the current ecological education in China should still exert its efforts in building an ecological cultural system, consolidating the ecological education system, and cultivating multi-level ecological talents. While exploring the ecological education system and mechanism, it provides a cultural accumulation and scientific literate soil for the further improvement of China’s ecological civilization system and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and basic realization of modernization of education in 2035.
Process and Effect of Nature Conservation NGOs Embedded in Communities from the Perspective of Embeddedness Theory: A Case Study of the Sanjiangyuan Area
QIN Zi-wei, Xiong Wen-qi, ZHANG Yu-jun, SUN Qiao-yun, CHEN Si-qi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020034
[Abstract](30) [FullText HTML](16) [PDF 1167KB](0)
The purpose of this study is to analyze the NGO involvement process for the community development. It investigates nature conservation NGOs and community residents in the Sanjiangyuan area, and takes field observation and in-depth interviews as the data collection methods, by using the embeddedness theory as the theoretical research framework. Nvivo 12.0 software is used to establish a logical framework for the involvement process between two parties such as the conceptual framework of the embedding cause-embedding means-embedding effect. Results reveal that the initial involvement of NGOs in a community's nature conservation activities is determined by the goals and social relationship. It generally depends on resources, culture, neighborhood, structure embedding. The ultimate goal is to achieve the enhancement of protection effect, resident participation awareness and their ability to participate. The paper also discusses how NGOs play a more effective role in community governance in the background of constructing national parks.
The Quality of Recreation Service in Wuyishan National Park: Based on On-site Questionnaire Survey of Tourists
ZHENG Wen-juan, ZHENG Wei, ZHENG Wen-ting
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019157
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML](10) [PDF 627KB](0)
This study aims to explore the difference between pre-expectations and actual perceptions of tourists visiting Wuyishan National Park by conducting an on-site questionnaire survey based on the SERVQUAL measurement. The findings indicate that significant differences exist in 24 out of 28 items in the questionnaire, and then three factors, namely recreation and service, recreation and facilities, motivation and experience, are identified from the 24 items by factor analysis, explaining 54.679% of the total variance. A further importance-performance analysis indicates there are 10 items of both high level of pre-expectation and actual perception, 13 items of both low level of pre-expectation and actual perception, 4 items of high level of pre-expectation but low actual perception, and 1 item of low level of pre-expectation but high actual perception. These findings might serve as references for related government planning of national parks in the future.
Green Economic Development from the Perspective of Ecological Civilization Building: a Case Study of Handan City, Hebei Province
XUN Qing-zhi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020020
[Abstract](72) [FullText HTML](33) [PDF 548KB](2)
The ecological transformation of traditional industry and economy (“ecological modernization”) and the green new economic development (“green development”) with ecological agriculture and tourism as the main body are, to a large extent, the inevitable stage circumstances or choices of traditional industrial cities in China, especially resource dependent cities in the process of economic and social modernization. Handan City, Hebei Province is a typical representation. From the perspective of ecological civilization and its building, this kind of green economy (development) transformation will be a long-term historical process, so we must have enough patience and perseverance to “work for a long time, and the success does not need to be in me”, and it inherently means or points to a higher future development pursuit and a more comprehensive production and changeof life style.
Exploration and Enlightenment on the Mode of the Cooperation Between State-owned Forest Farms and Communities: Taking the State-owned Forest Farms of Sanming City, Fujian Province as an Example
GAO Shuang, LI Hong-xun
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020037
[Abstract](44) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 572KB](0)
The cooperation between state-owned forest farms and communities developed in Sanming City, Fujian Province, is of important practical significance for solving the development dilemma of poor forest management benefits and the fragmentation of forest land in collective forest areas, and for exploring the path of realizing forestry-driven rural economic development. This article analyzes the mode of cooperative forest management in Sanming from four aspects: cooperation motivation, cooperation methods, division methods of management and profit distribution schemes, and proposes an innovative and optimized cooperation mode to help solve the problem of uncoordinated interests between state-owned forest farms and communities. The promotion of government, diversified stock share methods, efficient and win-win business division, profit pre-dividends, profit guarantees and other profit distribution plans are the key to maintaining cooperation. This research is conducive to promoting the smooth operation of forests by state-owned forest farms and communities in other areas, especially for southern China’s collective forests, in order to improve the ecological and economic value of forests and realize rural revitalization.
Local knowledge and Building of Ecological Civilization
WU Tong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020032
[Abstract](50) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 518KB](0)
This paper discusses: 1) Two concepts of local knowledge, i.e., anthropology and philosophy of scientific practice, which are different but related, should be explored and applied to the building of ecological civilization; 2) Why is ecology a kind of local knowledge? The objects dealt with by ecology are extremely dependent on space and its scale, and have the characteristics of scale variation and diversity, spatial heterogeneity and so on. This makes ecology a special science that differs with physical science. Differences in spatial, geographical and geographical scales are undoubtedly the most obvious and relevant characteristics of being local. 3) Concept of local knowledge and building of ecological civilization. We believe that local knowledge is the most important concept and thought in the building of ecological civilization. In the process of building ecological civilization, it is impossible to realize a real ecological civilization without the dimension of local knowledge.
On the Problems of Eco-Terrorism
ZHOU Chang-yan, BAO Hong-mei, LIU Bing
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020059
[Abstract](20) [FullText HTML](13) [PDF 551KB](0)
In the current process of building ecological civilization, attention should be paid to various schools related to ecological protection, among which eco-terrorism is one of the objects worthy of concern. However, at present, the domestic research on this topic is still insufficient. Such concern involves the general understanding of eco-terrorism, the debate over its definition, the analysis of its theoretical basis and its nature, as well as the misuse of such label.
On the Intellectual Roots of Ecological Crisis from the Perspective of Natural History
LIU Hua-jie
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020019
[Abstract](95) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 630KB](1)
In ancient China the word shengyi (生意) meant roughly shengtai (生态, ecology), but after western civilization spreading all over the world the meaning of doing shengyi (business or trade) became making a quick buck, to some extent inevitably with ecological destruction. Why is it that you developed counties (white people) developed so much cargo (Yali’s question) and accumulated much more wealth than normal need? The secret relates to John Locke’s concept of property and Protestant ethics articulated by Max Weber. Excessive pursuit of private property may increase inequalities between people and overexploitation of nature, and cause all kinds of maladaptation, hence the environmental and ecological problems. The standard of human civilization needs to be reconsidered by analyzing adaptation and the sustainability of Gaia system. Old practice of natural history seemingly still gives us important insights about sci-tech innovation, education administration and ecological balance.
Ecological Aesthetics: the Intersection of the Times of the Aesthetics of Contemplation and the Aesthetics of Participation — A Comparative Analysis of Ecological Aesthetics and Traditional Aesthetics
SU Zu-rong
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019134
[Abstract](103) [FullText HTML](88) [PDF 581KB](1)
The traditional aesthetics of contemplation takes art as its main aesthetic object, while the ecological aesthetics tries to turn to a larger aesthetic field than art and human society: the earth biosphere or natural ecosystem. This kind of ecological turn of aesthetic object will inevitably change the aesthetic theme, means, mode, way and goal of traditional aesthetics of still view. However, the ecological aesthetics obviously does not exclude the traditional aesthetic model of still view, but takes a step forward under the framework of the traditional aesthetic model of still view. Through comparative analysis, the two can learn from each other, learn from each other’s strengths and make up for their weaknesses, eliminate the false and save the true, so as to achieve the convergence and fit of the times of still view aesthetics and participation aesthetics.
Economic Implications of XI Jin-ping’s Ecological Civilization Thought
YANG Li, LIU Yuan-ting
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019178
[Abstract](36) [FullText HTML](14) [PDF 522KB](0)
After the continuous development and deepening of reform and opening up, China’s economic development speed has experienced a rapid increase, and the ecological problems caused by the contradiction between man and nature have become increasingly prominent. XI Jin-ping’s ecological civilization thought has profound connotations. Firstly, it requires that people actively implement the ecological concept of “lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets”. Then people must also adhere to the basic principles of respecting, conforming to and protecting nature, and promote the formation of green development methods and lifestyles. Finally it points out that the building of ecological civilization is related to the realization of beautiful China. From the economic perspective, this paper analyzes the economic implications of XI Jin-ping’s thought on ecological civilization from the aspects of unification of natural wealth and artificial wealth, coordination of ecological benefits and economic benefits, and consistent ecological balance with social reproduction. Therefore, from the aspects of establishing the mechanism of ecological economic development and promoting green production methods and lifestyles, inspired by XI Jin-ping’s ecological civilization thought, this paper puts forward some important implications for the healthy and high-quality development of our country’s economy, providing guidance for the sound development of China’s economy.
Mapping Knowledge Domain of National Park Management Research in China
ZHENG Qun-ming, SHEN Ming-zhi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020016
[Abstract](42) [FullText HTML](15) [PDF 660KB](0)
In order to objectively illustrate the research of national park management in China and promote the formation of academy-shared community, 753 papers on the theme of national park management in CNKI database are selected as the research object, and CiteSpace software is used to visualize and analyze the distribution of papers, authors, agencies, key words, research hot spots and frontiers.The results are shown as follows. (1) Research on national park management in China has gone through a speed from slow to high. (2) There are many but scattered domestic scholars who participate in national park management research and leading scholars are being gradually formed. (3) Most of the institutions participating in research are universities and research institutes, and the academic communities are emerging. (4) The research topics of scholars are relatively concentrated, but with diverse research directions. (5) The trend of domestic research has evolved from learning to self-innovation. (6) The research focuses on the management of all aspects of national parks, shifting from the initial reference to other countries’ management experience to exploring the way of national park management suitable for China’s national conditions.
Sci-tech periodicals and the introduction of Western forestry in late Qing dynasty: Based on the investigation of Gezhi Compilation and Agricultural Journal
Dai Lei
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019154
[Abstract](90) [FullText HTML](46) [PDF 604KB](2)
The introduction of Western Forestry in the late Qing Dynasty experienced a process of from less to more, from shallow to deep, from the surface to the inside. The sci-tech periodicals were an important carrier for the introduction of western forestry in this period. “Gezhi Compilation” was the first publication of scientific articles on forestry. The Journal of Agricultural Sciences introduced western forestry more intensively. The two journals introduced more forestry knowledge and principles,but little about forestry connotation and research. The introduction of Western forestry in this period was mainly based on mechanical introduction and translation. Which was just staying on paper and getting rid of China’s reality. This situation did not fundamentally changed until a large number of foreign students returned home.
Effectiveness of and Countermeasures for Construction of Collective Forestry Comprehensive Reform Experiment Demonstration Area: Taking Fangshan District, Beijing as an Example
ZHANG Xin-yu, ZHANG Ya-xin, LIU Song, WANG Qiao, ZHU Kai, XIE Yi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019181
[Abstract](40) [FullText HTML](16) [PDF 558KB](0)
Fangshan District of Beijing was officially identified as one of the collective forestry comprehensive reform experiment demonstration areas in 2015, and the construction work was evaluated and accepted at the end of 2017. Based on the empirical study on the Fangshan comprehensive reform experiment demonstration area, this paper aims to investigate the implementation process in the demonstration areas construction, the reform effectiveness being achieved and the existing problems by applying statistical description and case analysis methods. The paper summarizes the achievements made so far and problems that still exist, including difficulty in forest rights mortgage loan, barriers for construction of forest land management supporting service facilities, weak profitability of collective forest management in mountainous areas, and insufficient attention and awareness on the construction work. Combined with local innovative practice and the requirements in new rounds of reform, the paper finally puts forward some reasonable perfecting countermeasures, such as enhancing support of policy, reinforcing institutional innovation and strengthening organizational guarantee to make the demonstration work more effective.
Features and Paths of Building Unique Chinese National Park System
TANG Fang-lin
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019183
[Abstract](218) [FullText HTML](24) [PDF 582KB](1)
The ultimate goal of China's National Park System is to effectively protect the most important, essential and basic parts of nature protected areas, and also to ensure that contemporary and future generations can enjoy the ecological well-being and benefits provided by nature ecosystem. China’s National Park System has gone through the concept introduction, pilot start-up stage, and is now in the overall promotion stage. We need to dialectically understand the effectiveness and criticism of national parks system in other countries, and constantly enrich the theoretical source and ideological meaning of the National Park System with Chinese characteristics. The main features of the system are following the idea of ecological civilization, taking ecological protection as the primary goal, taking the management of natural resources assets as the core, meeting the needs of national well-being and realizing centralized and unified management by the federal government. To achieve this goal, the top-level design of the system requires ten major systems such as the system of laws, standards, technology, management, planning, investment, inspector, research, survey, and eco-products. The direction of future efforts would be adherence to the concept of serving people, steady advancement of system planning, priority to developing the “Third Pole National Park Group of the Earth”, etc. The research can provide valuable reference for the implementation of the century-old plan of China’s Protected Area and the inheritance of the millennium cause of national parks.
Current Situation and Development Measures for Pilot Construction of Household Forest Farms in Beijing
LI Yi-xin, LIU Xiang-yu, LIU Song, LIANG Long-yue, XIE Yi
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019141
[Abstract](214) [FullText HTML](138) [PDF 525KB](3)
With the deepening of collective forest tenure reform, the government has attached great importance to the household forest farms, a new type of forestry operator subject, In August 2015, Beijing officially launched the pilot project of household forest farms. Based on the field survey, and by using descriptively statistical analysis and case analysis method, this paper explains in the first place the pilot policy support of household forest farms in Beijing. Secondly, we analyse the management and current development situation of household forest farms in pilot. The paper further defines existing problems during the pilot work such as weak development foundation, insufficient development guarantee and lack of development awareness. Finally, the paper puts forward some countermeasures, such as improving management ability, formulating development plan, improving social service system to strengthen support, improving development system and inspiring development awareness.
Spatial Equity of Urban Parks in the Central Urban Area in Nanjing Based on Different Transportations
WAN Yi, BI Chen, ZHANG Jin-guang, ZHAO Bing
Accepted Manuscript  doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019166
[Abstract](182) [FullText HTML](148) [PDF 965KB](3)
The urban parks are an important part of urban public resources. Evaluating the equity of their spatial layout and the reasonable degree of resources allocation is helpful for proposing targeted optimization strategies. Based on analysis of parks accessibility in central urban area of Nanjing in different transportation modes, this paper calculates park resources allocation by Gini coefficient and Lorenz curve drawing to make the overall evaluation of the rational distribution of urban park resources. The paper assesses the spatial pattern of parks distribution in five transportation modes by section quotient. Changing transportation mode is conducive to improving the reasonable level of city parks distribution. Considering population demand, park planning should be carried out according to local conditions, green patches should be inserted, greenway construction should be promoted, and green travel should be advocated, which is conducive to the rational allocation of urban park resources, improvement of service value of urban parks and building of a living-friendly city.
Research on Establishing National Parks
Research on the Establishment of National Parks Protection System in China
CHEN Jun-zhi, TANG Xiao-ping
2020, 19(1): 1-11.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2020006
[Abstract](2323) [FullText HTML](697) [PDF 726KB](58)
In this paper we survey and analyze the documents issued by the central government for the establishment of national parks management system. Taking reference from national parks protection, establishment and management experiences in foreign countries and combining with the actual needs of ecological protection and the current stage of social and economic development in China, we summarize and propose the protection system of national parks which includes eight key mechanisms, such as building a unified hierarchical management system, drawing a national development plan with national parks establishment evaluation criteria, innovating the property rights management system related to the assets of natural resources, improving the legal framework of ecological protection system, creating the management system for the utilization of natural resources, establishing the co-construction and co-management mechanism with local communities, exploring the participation and sharing mechanism for all people, and establishing funding channels and funding guarantee mechanism. Based on the review of the progress of domestic research and the results of the exploration and practice of 10 piloting national park systems, this paper defines the key points and tasks of these systems, analyzes the main challenges at present, and puts forward suggestions for promoting and improving these systems, which will lay a foundation for the establishment of national parks system with Chinese characteristics.
Evaluation and Reference of Protected Area System in Germany
LI Ran
2020, 19(1): 12-21.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019103
[Abstract](265) [FullText HTML](284) [PDF 14060KB](10)
The protected area system in Germany has been historically formed step by step. This paper begins with the legal basis of protected area system in Germany and explains eleven kinds of protected areas in terms of definition, conservation situation and administrative management. Moreover, summarization and evaluation on protected areas in Germany demonstrate as follows: all the protected areas are managed in line with Bundesnaturschutzgesetz in overall planning and level-by-level administration; the interaction among different protected areas is quite common, aiming to guarantee more general connections; concern on integration between cultural and natural elements underlines the management of cultural landscapes; each kind of protected area tends to differ in functions so as to balance the conservation and utilization as well as development of sustainable tourism; the protected areas that have special local meanings are supported legally. Last but not least, based on the reference of protected area system in Germany, the construction of the protected area system in China is discussed, and it is suggested that: legally confirmed protected areas need to be integrated to the territorial space planning; protected areas including natural and cultural landscapes can work hand in hand with “Natural Parks”; the utilization and management of the protected areas should be carried out through general planning.
Theories and Practices of Forestry Economics
Increase Efficiency and Keep Equity: Some Thoughts on Deepening Collective Forestry Tenure Reform Based on“Four Schools of Tenure Right”
XIE Chen, WANG Lan-hui, XIE Hong
2020, 19(1): 22-30.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019149
[Abstract](1188) [FullText HTML](147) [PDF 587KB](3)
With the aims of providing suggestions for policy makers, the paper firstly briefs main progress of collective forest tenure reform on the basis of literature review. Then, it introduces opinions of the “four schools of tenure right” toward forest, discusses and proposes recommendations for the policies of China’s current collective forest tenure reform. It is found that, even though there is no universal reform pattern, the “four schools of tenure right” do discover some laws of forest tenure reform of developing countries which could shed light to China’s current collective forest tenure reform. Comparing with other schools, the property right school has impacted Chinese forestry the most as clarifying forest tenure and increasing efficiency have always been goals of the reform. The school of agrarian structure explicitly points out that market regulation may promote tenure security and that protection of farmer’s right is fundamental. The school of institutionalist emphasizes the role of government in the reform and suggest building rules of a political and legal system to consolidate reform. The common property school provides a train of thoughts on poverty reduction and rural revitalization by suggesting remaining some common forests which could be a space for the rural poor. The paper suggests that collective tenure reform should focus on consolidating reform results and tenure management by laws and regulations. When facilitating forest land scale management, overuse of financial instruments should be avoided in order to prevent “costly inequality”. Fully realizing the long term, complexity and difficulty of the reform and shifting tenure reform to routine supervision will reinforce tenure management.
Trade Benefits of China’s Paper Industry from the Perspective of Trade Value Added
JIANG Ya-shu, CHENG Bao-dong, MIAO Dong-ling
2020, 19(1): 31-38.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019131
[Abstract](406) [FullText HTML](956) [PDF 753KB](1)
Based on the value-added trade method and the world input-output database, this paper estimates the trade interests of China’s paper industry in the global value chain from 2000 to 2014. The results show that the value-added rate of China’s paper industry is reducing year by year, and the actual profit is decreasing as well. China’s paper industry has been increasingly integrated into the global value chain, but the proportion of added value of exports has not been increased correspondingly, and there is an obvious gap with the world’s developed countries of paper industry. Based on the present situation and problems of China’s paper industry, this paper puts forward the suggestions to improve the trade interests of China’s paper industry.
Greenhouse Effect of Urbanization in China
QIN Chang-cai, LIU Yi-cong, LU Bin-wen
2020, 19(1): 39-44.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019105
[Abstract](239) [FullText HTML](193) [PDF 577KB](4)
Based on provincial panel data from 2003 to 2016, the relationship between urbanization and carbon emission in China was studied by constructing a threshold regression model. According to the threshold of real GDP per capita, 30 provinces are divided into four groups of lowest-income, lower-income, higher-income and highest-income. The results show that the relationship between urbanization and carbon emissions of four groups is in line with the Kuznets curve of inverted U shape. Among them, the inflection point corresponds to an urbanization level of 35.55% for the lowest-income group and to 44.64% for the lower-income group. For the highest-income group (more than RMB 29 040 yuan), the relationship between economic growth and carbon emission conforms to the Kuznets curve, and it is in the downward phase of an inverted U curve. In addition, the process of industrialization and investment of energy-saving and emission reduction are still promoting carbon emissions. Therefore, China’s energy conservation and emission reduction strategy should follow the law of economic and social development, considering the varying effects of the economic development level, development speed, and degree of urbanization of different provinces on carbon emissions, taking into account the dual goals of economic development and environmental regulation.
Forest Culture
Cognitive History About Cuckoo and Azalea in China
LUO Gui-huan
2020, 19(1): 45-51.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019127
[Abstract](237) [FullText HTML](170) [PDF 649KB](7)
It is peculiar and interesting that the Chinese name of cuckoo (Dujuan in pinyin ) is used both for bird and flower (Azalea). Many historical records showed cuckoo was a general name of bird species which are distributed almost in the whole China. Their cry, for the temporal and acoustic characteristics, was used as a sign of phenology in agricultural activities reminding people of farming activities in ancient China, thus they were also called farming birds. The name of cuckoo in China came from a legend among ancient Sichuan people. Since the Tang Dynasty, the beautiful flower azalea which is grown widely in southern China was called “cuckoo” or “cuckoo flower” because its florescence coincides with the time of the cuckoo’s crying, and was gradually cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens. Since the introduction of the modern biology from the west, the connotation of Chinese name of cuckoo was further expanded, becoming a general name of Rhododendron species. Study of the change of names of animals and plants in history, is not only very interesting, but can also help us to explain some peculiarities in traditional natural history of China.
Sino-US Forestry Exchange and Interaction in the First Half of the 20th Century
LIU Liang
2020, 19(1): 52-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019128
[Abstract](322) [FullText HTML](249) [PDF 859KB](22)
Based on the excavation and sorting of a batch of English materials, this paper combines forestry exchange between Sino-USA in the first half of the 20th century, from aspects of government, society to scholars, from education and scientific research to disaster relief and disaster prevention, from forestry talents, technology, ideology, and forestry administrative organizations to afforestation, prevention of soil erosion, and river flood control. The study believes that because China’s modern forestry is introduced from the West, the exchanges between the two sides are asymmetric. China is more to learn from the United States, and the United States has used Chinese lesson as a guide to the domestic government and society. In turn it appealed to the emphasis on forestry and the development of forestry science to provide disaster relief and disaster prevention propaganda tools for China. This is a feature of forestry science that differs from other disciplines in the process of modern Sino-West exchanges.
Textual Research and Correction on the Origin of Grafting Techniques in China
ZHANG Xin, LIU Yong-sheng, WANG Qing-lian, ZHU Gao-pu, ZHANG Zhi-yong
2020, 19(1): 65-71.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019125
[Abstract](274) [FullText HTML](211) [PDF 680KB](13)
China is an ancient civilized country with a long history of agriculture. However, due to the loss of many precious ancient books, it is difficult to verify their specific book-making years, and is thus hard to clarify the origin and the earliest record of the ancient Chinese grafting. Through review and analysis of a large number of literatures, we hold that the invention of artificial grafting technology in ancient China may be inspired by natural grafting and parasitic plants or owing to the development of cutting technology. At present, textual research has proved that the earliest reliable record of artificial grafting in ancient China is from chapter “Shimu” in the book of Erya, which roughly came from the Spring and Autumn Period to the early Western Han Dynasty, while the more specific finishing time of the book needs to be further clarified. In addition, some errors related to the origin of plant grafting in some literatures have been discussed.
The Further Textual Research on the Owner Wang Tingne and the Site of Zuoyinyuan in Ming Dynasty: Based on the Newly Found Family Tree Book of WANG Tingne’s Family
WANG Jian-wen, WANG Shun-sheng, FU Jun
2020, 19(1): 72-77.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019144
[Abstract](189) [FullText HTML](184) [PDF 656KB](6)
Zuoyinyuan was a private garden built by WANG Tingne in the 28th year (1600 A.D.) of Wanli’s reign of the Ming Dynasty. It covered a large area and had many scenic spots. Today, there are still some uncertainties in the owner and the site of the garden, that need to be clarified. In this paper, we analyzed three newly found books, Concise Family Tree of Wang, Yingchuan Yueyintang Family Tree of Wang, and Huancuitang Huagunji. It is found that the family members and their descendants of WANG Tingne were arranged clearly in the books. At the same time, WANG Tingne has been proved to be WANG Shiqi’ natural son and not adopted son, which is a correction to the long-time misunderstanding of WANG Tingne’s identity. New evidences have been given on the site of Zuoyinyuan, which further proved that the Zuoyinyuan was sited at Wangcun Village of Wan’an Town, Xiuning County, Anhui Province (today’s Chenkeng Village, Xintan Town of the Huangshan Economic Development Zone).
Sir William Temple’s Theory on Garden: the Study of Upon the Gardens of Epicurus, or of Gardening
ZHENG Chao-lin
2020, 19(1): 78-83.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2019150
[Abstract](259) [FullText HTML](218) [PDF 584KB](9)
Sir William Temple’s garden theory has always been neglected in the current academic research. In fact, Temple systematically discussed the origins, ethical significance and aesthetic form of gardens in Upon the Gardens of Epicurus, or of Gardening. From the point of view of etiology, he regarded gardens as an ideal place to treat people’s excessive desires. Although he agreed with Epicurean theory of retreating from public affairs, he expounded the ethics thoughts of gardens from political virtue, obedience with nature and free choice. In terms of the beauty of gardens, he believed that beauty lies in form, and this form includes not only the regular form of the Europe, but also the irregular beauty of China. Temple’s garden theory has certain guiding significance for the construction of sanatorium garden and private garden in China.
National Park Management System in Spain and Its Implications
CHEN Jie, CHEN Shao-zhi, XU Bin
2014, 13(4): 50-54.  
[Abstract](565) [PDF 4792KB](165)
Sir William Chambers and His Perceptions of Traditional Chinese Gardens
CHEN Miao-miao, ZHU Xia-qing, GUO Yu-nan, WANG Xin
2014, 13(3): 44-49.  
[Abstract](812) [PDF 6485KB](150)
Research Progress and Methods on Western Camping Tourism, and Its Inspiration to China's Forest Tourism
NI Xin-xin, MA Ren-feng, WU Yang, ZHUANG Pei-jun
2015, 14(4): 23-32.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015050
[Abstract](484) [PDF 1406KB](84)
Residents' Recreation Needs for Urban Green Space and Perception of Health Benefits: A Case Study of Urban Parks in Hangzhou City
2014, 13(2): 87-92.  
[Abstract](599) [PDF 1306KB](91)
Analysis of Consumers'Behavior of Purchasing Organic Fruits and Vegetables and Its Affecting Factors: Based on A Survey on Nanjing Urban Residents
HE Jing, SUN Ze-ping, XIE Yu, ZHANG Hua-ni
2015, 14(3): 63-68.  
[Abstract](487) [PDF 1061KB](90)
Historical Analysis of Herbaceous Peony as Symbol of Love in China
YU Xiao-nan, YUAN Qing-lei, HAO Li-hong
2014, 13(2): 26-31.  
[Abstract](594) [PDF 1276KB](107)
Current Situation, Challenges and Countermeasures of China's Rosin Market
DONG Jing-xi, LIU Zi-yuan, ZHANG Zi-yi, YE Ke-zhuang, WU Jian
2015, 14(4): 60-64.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015087
[Abstract](523) [PDF 1162KB](87)
A Preliminary Study on the Timber Trade in Hunan Province During the Period of the Republic of China
HE Meng-zhu, LI Li
2016, 15(1): 29-33.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015035
[Abstract](478) [PDF 994KB](103)
Discussion on Planning and Design Strategies for Landscape Regeneration of Abandoned Coal Mine Land
GE Shu-hong, WANG Xiang-rong
2015, 14(4): 45-53.   doi: 10.13931/j.cnki.bjfuss.2015085
[Abstract](461) [PDF 3068KB](81)
The Plant Culture and Economic Value of Sapium Sebiferum
JIN Jiu-ning, HUANG Jing-jing, QIAN Xue-she
2014, 13(2): 32-36.  
[Abstract](480) [PDF 1232KB](96)